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William Byrnes (Texas A&M) tax & compliance articles

Posts Tagged ‘Budget’

Bipartisan Budget Act of 2013

Posted by William Byrnes on December 12, 2013


2014_tf_on_individuals_small_businesses-m_1On December 10, 2013, Senate Budget Committee chairman Patty Murray (D-WA) and House Budget Committee chairman Paul Ryan (R-WI) announced that they have reached a two-year budget agreement in advance of the budget conference’s December 13th deadline.

The Bipartisan Budget Act of 2013 would set overall discretionary spending for the current fiscal year at $1.012 trillion—about halfway between the Senate budget level of $1.058 trillion and the House budget level of $967 billion. The agreement would provide $63 billion in sequester relief over two years, split evenly between defense and non-defense programs. In fiscal year 2014, defense discretionary spending would be set at $520.5 billion, and non-defense discretionary spending would be set at $491.8 billion.

The sequester relief is fully offset by savings elsewhere in the budget. The agreement includes dozens of specific deficit-reduction provisions, with mandatory savings and non-tax revenue totaling $85 billion. The agreement would reduce the deficit by $23 billion.

The Summary of the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2013 includes:

PREVENTION OF WASTE, FRAUD, AND ABUSE

  • Improving the collection of unemployment insurance overpayments
  • Strengthening Medicaid third-party liability (“dead beat dad” provision)
  • Restriction on access to the Death Master File (fee based access going forward to cover its costs)
  • Identification of inmates requesting or receiving improper payments

FEDERAL CIVILIAN AND MILITARY RETIREMENT

  • Federal Employees Retirement System for new employees
  • Annual adjustment of retired pay and retainer pay amounts for retired members of the Armed Forces under age 62

HIGHER EDUCATION

  • Default Reduction Program
  • Elimination of nonprofit servicing contract

TRANSPORTATION

  • Aviation security service fees
  • Transportation cost reimbursement

MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

  • Limitation on allowable government contractor compensation costs: limits how much a contractor could charge the federal government for an employee’s compensation to $487,000, adjusted annually to reflect changes in the Employment Cost Index. (Comment: does this mean that government contractors are receiving more than $487,000 annually for an employee? How do I sign up?).
  • Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation premium rate increases

See House Report at http://budget.house.gov/the-bipartisan-budget-act-of-2013/

See CBO Report at http://www.cbo.gov/publication/44964

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2012 IRS Budget Revealed !!

Posted by William Byrnes on March 26, 2011


Why is this Topic Important to Wealth Managers?  Increasing the IRS staffing budget in certain departments may be indicative of increasing scrutiny of client’s information and tax returns.  Increasing government scrutiny may lead to increased compliance costs in time and fees.  Consequently, a wealth manager may want to address with client the need for increasing diligence in preparation of their affairs.  Thus, Advanced Market Intelligence presents a discussion on the Internal Revenue Services’ allocations for fiscal year 2012, and contrasts 2010 data and figures.

The fiscal year 2012 proposed budget allocates $14 billion to the Department of the Treasury; a 4 percent increase above the 2010 enacted level. [1] The increase over 2010 levels is attributed to costs associated with implementation of legislation and new investments in IRS tax compliance activities that are aimed to help reduce the deficit.  Of the $14 billion appropriated to the Treasury operations, over $13.28 billion is encumbered for the Internal Revenue Service.[2]

The Internal Revenue Service has allocated its appropriations to the tune of $2.345 billion for “Taxpayer Services”; $5. 96 billion for “Enforcement” of which over $5 billion is apportioned to “Exam and Collections”; “Operations and Support” represent $4.62 billion; and “Business Systems Modernization” together with “Health Insurance Tax Credit Administration” represent approximately $351 million. [3]

The main function of the Internal Revenue Service is to collect he revenue that funds the government and administer the nation’s tax laws. [4] The IRS collected $2.345 trillion in taxes (gross receipts before tax refunds) in 2010, or 93 percent of all federal government receipts.

Total resources to support the IRS activities for fiscal year 2012 are estimated to be around $13.626 billion, including $13.283 billion from direct appropriations, an estimated $138 million from reimbursable programs, and an estimated $204 million user fees.  The direct federal budget appropriation is $1,137,784,000, 9.37 percent, more than the fiscal year 2010 enacted level of $12,146,123,000. [5]

The 2012 budget provides funding to implement enacted legislation; handle new information reporting requirements; increase compliance by addressing offshore tax evasion; expand enforcement efforts on noncompliance among corporate and high-wealth taxpayers; and enforce return preparer compliance.

The IRS estimates new enforcement personnel will generate more than $1.3 billion in additional annual enforcement revenue once the new hires reach full potential in fiscal year 2014.

Even the Department of the Treasury notes, the tax law is complex and that even sophisticated taxpayers can make honest mistakes on their tax returns.  To this end, the IRS states that it remains committed to a balanced program of assisting taxpayers to both understand the tax law and remit the proper amount of tax.

In fiscal year 2010, revenue from all enforcement sources at the IRS reached $57.6 billion, 18 percent more than in 2009.  The significant increase was attributable in part to:  Read the analysis at AdvisorFYI

 

Posted in Tax Policy | Tagged: , , , , , , , | 1 Comment »

Bush Tax Cuts Linger Long After Sunset

Posted by William Byrnes on September 16, 2010


Why is this Topic Important to Wealth Managers? Provides an overview of how the pending tax cut provisions will affect the national economy and your clients as a part of it.  Discusses generally the relationship between tax and Congressional budget as they relate to the taxpayer burdens.

In the face of bailouts, new legislation and regulation, and a stalling economy, one area, taxes, is certainly being discussed among the public scuttlebutt.  Specifically, the Bush Era Tax Cuts are the center of attention because they will sunset or expire, without further legislative action by the end of this year.

Read the full analysis at AdvisorFYI

Posted in Tax Policy, Uncategorized | Tagged: , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

 
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