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William Byrnes (Texas A&M) tax & compliance articles

Posts Tagged ‘Corporate tax’

Getting its “fair share” from the U.S., U.K. implements 2% tax on gross revenues of Google, Amazon, and Facebook

Posted by William Byrnes on July 11, 2019


From April 2020, the government will introduce a new 2% tax on the revenues of search engines, social media platforms and online marketplaces which derive value from UK users. Large multi-national enterprises with revenue derived from the provision of a social media platform, a search engine or an online marketplace (‘in scope activities’) to UK users.

The Digital Services Tax will apply to businesses that provide a social media platform, search engine or an online marketplace to UK users. These businesses will be liable to Digital Services Tax when the group’s worldwide revenues from these digital activities are more than £500m and more than £25m of these revenues are derived from UK users.

If the group’s revenues exceed these thresholds, its revenues derived from UK users will be taxed at a rate of 2%. There is an allowance of £25m, which means a group’s first £25m of revenues derived from UK users will not be subject to Digital Services Tax.

The provision of a social media platform, internet search engine or online marketplace by a group includes the carrying on of any associated online advertising business. An associated online advertising business is a business operated on an online platform that facilitates the placing of online advertising, and derives significant benefit from its connection with the social media platform, search engine or online marketplace. There is an exemption from the online marketplace definition for financial and payment services providers.

The revenues from the business activity will include any revenue earned by the group which is connected to the business activity, irrespective of how the business monetises the platform. If revenues are attributable to the business activity and another activity, the business will need to apportion the revenue to each activity on a just and reasonable basis.

Revenues are derived from UK users if the revenue arises by virtue of a UK user using the platform. However, advertising revenues are derived from UK users when the advertisement is intended to be viewed by a UK user.

A UK user is a user that is normally located in the UK.

Where one of the parties to a transaction on an online marketplace is a UK user, all the revenues from that transaction will be treated as derived from UK users. This will also be the case when the transaction involves land or buildings in the UK. However, the revenue charged will be reduced to 50% of the revenues from the transaction when the other user in respect of the transaction is normally located in a country that operates a similar tax to the Digital Services Tax.

Businesses will be able to elect to calculate the Digital Services Tax under an alternative calculation under the ‘safe harbour’. This is intended to ensure that the tax does not have a disproportionate effect on business sustainability in cases where a business has a low operating margin from providing in-scope activities to UK users

The total Digital Services Tax liability will be calculated at the group level but the tax will be charged on the individual entities in the group that realise the revenues that contribute to this total. The group consists of all entities which are included in the group consolidated accounts, provided these are prepared under an acceptable accounting standard. Revenues will consequently be counted towards the thresholds even if they are recognised in entities which do not have a UK taxable presence for corporation tax purposes.

A single entity in the group will be responsible for reporting the Digital Services Tax to HMRC. Groups can nominate an entity to fulfil these responsibilities. Otherwise, the ultimate parent of the group will be responsible.

The Digital Services Tax will be payable and reportable on an annual basis.

Draft legislation

Explanatory notes

Read:

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Second Edition of Lexis’ International Withholding Tax Treaty Guide released

Posted by William Byrnes on August 26, 2013


Associate Dean William Byrnes is also pleased to announce the publication of International Withholding Tax Treaty Guide, Second Edition by LexisNexis.

The second edition of International Withholding Tax Treaty Guide, authored by Professor William H. Byrnes and Dr. Robert J. Munro, includes new binders with new chapter structures of completely rewritten tax information and analysis. The second edition of Foreign Tax & Trade Briefs includes a new structure for all 110 country chapters to reflect the evolution of national tax systems since 1948. The International Withholding Tax Treaty Guide has been expanded to include many new countries to match the robust list of Foreign Tax & Trade Briefs, and its footnote numbering has been amended for brevity and modern coherence.

Moreover, International Withholding Tax Treaty Guide subscribers will receive new chapters of analysis and planning based on the OECD Model DTA articles and major trading country jurisprudence that are most relevant to corporate tax counsel, addressing topics such as capital gains, dividends, interest, rents, leasing income, royalties, and permanent establishment, as well as developing topics such as new standards of information exchange. Corporate counsel may combine these publications with the LexisNexis Matthew Bender publication Tax Havens of the World to form a complete international tax planning and risk management library.

Associate Dean William Byrnes said “The Second Edition completes my re-write process of this book to re-structure the citation architecture for a modern approach to tax treaty analysis,”  Over the next two years I will author an in-depth, comparative analysis of tax treaty articles, to provide practitioners and arbitrators a go-to treatise for global corporate planning.”

William Byrnes continued “In 1974, Matthew Bender added a third binder to Foreign Tax & Trade Briefs, the International Withholding Tax Treaty Guide, to specifically address the important role of tax treaties in tax risk management that had developed in the sixties. By 1975, nearly one thousand tax treaties had been signed between countries based on the OECD’s Model with an additional 200 treaties in force based on the League of Nations Models. Moreover, many (former) territories had become independent, developing countries with the ability to establish their own tax treaties. There are now more than 3,200 tax treaties, of which 2,900 are signed and in effect with the remaining 300 yet to become effective by official legislative approval.”

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2 New Tax Facts Books Released

Posted by William Byrnes on August 23, 2013


National Underwriters published 2014 editions of Tax Facts books authored by William Byrnes and Robert Bloink of the graduate tax program.

2014 Tax Facts on Investments

2014 Tax Facts on Insurance & Employee Benefits

“We have included a new section on cross border employment and estate tax issues, captive insurance and alternative risk transfer, reverse mortgages, DOMA, as well as the previously expanding sections on ETFs and on precious metals & collectibles,” William Byrnes said.  “Moreover, we hope to soon announce the newest title of Tax Facts addressing entrepreneurs and their small business tax issues.” 

“Tax Facts Books and the Tax Facts Online portal have built strong following of many thousand of financial planning professionals.  I think financial planning professionals relate to National Underwriter’s approach of contextualizing client problems in a Question – Answer format.”

Both publications are now available as e-books, as an alternative or in combination with print.

Posted in book, Retirement Planning, Taxation, Wealth Management | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Corporate Tax Reform: Easier Said than Done

Posted by William Byrnes on October 5, 2011


Both sides of the political spectrum agree that corporate tax reform is a priority.For reform to happen, tough choices are needed from Washington. Reform would develop a system that forces multinational corporations to pay their fair share without hurting US competitiveness in the world markets. Overtax multinational corporations,  and they’ll move their operations overseas; under-tax and you’ll reduce revenue that is sorely needed by the US government.

As part of the ongoing debate and investigation of the US corporate tax system, the U.S. House Committee on Ways and Means is hearing testimony from tax experts on the US tax system and alternatives.

Read this complete analysis of the impact at AdvisorFX (sign up for a free trial subscription with full access to all of the planning libraries and client presentations if you are not already a subscriber).

For previous coverage of corporate tax reform issues in Advisor’s Journal, see Obama’s Blue Ribbon Debt Commission Proposes Complete Overhaul of the Tax Code (CC 10-95).

For in-depth analysis of US Corporate Tax, see Advisor’s Main Library: A – The Corporate Income Tax.

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Why is Washington Calling for Corporate Tax Reform?

Posted by William Byrnes on March 5, 2011


President Obama recently targeted corporate tax rates in his State of the Union address.  “It makes no sense, and it has to change”. “Get rid of the loopholes. Level the playing field. And use the savings to lower the corporate tax rate for the first time in 25 years — without adding to our deficit. It can be done.”

Here’s why some politicians in Washington are calling for reform:

Although America has one of the highest maximum corporate tax rates throughout industrialized nations, many large corporations pay only a fraction of the maximum rate.  In a study by a New York University Professor, the data shows that a great number of public companies are paying around half, or even less, than the maximum corporate rate.

Read the analysis at AdvisorFYI

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Brazilian Taxation and Investment (in-depth video-conference course) February 1st – April 7th

Posted by William Byrnes on January 10, 2011


This 10 week live online video-conference course on Brazil will be taught in English (but all attendants may use Portuguese to ask and respond to questions) by several renown Brazilian specialists who have extensive out-of-country experience, working as international counsel for large multinational companies, big 4 firms, and government.

Please contact Associate Dean Prof. William Byrnes if you are interested in enrolling in this executive education course.  wbyrnes@tjsl.edu or skype: professorbyrnes  All lectures are recorded for playback during the ten weeks.  Lexis access is included.

Tax System:

  1. Overview – Main taxes;
  2. Corporate Taxation: Corporate Income tax and Social Contribution;
  3. Simplified tax regime;
  4. Accounting Rules (IFRS and SPED);
  5. Investment incentives;
  6. Developing a Tax Strategy in Brazil;
  7. Tax avoidance versus Tax Evasion

General Overview of Brazilian Indirect Taxes

  1. VAT;
  2. Other Indirect Taxes;

Foreign Investments:

  1. Brazilian Central Bank (Regulations, Registrations and forms);
  2. Dividends, Royalties, Loans, etc;
  3. Capital Gains;
  4. Foreign Trade Rules (Import and Export transactions);

Mergers & Acquisitions;

  1. Corporate aspects;
  2. Tax implications;

Financial System:

  1. Organization,
  2. Newcomers,
  3. Competition,

Foreign Companies:

  1. Tax credit
  2. Withholding Tax;
  3. Financing issues;
  4. Permanent Establishment;
  5. Low-tax Jurisdictions (Tax Haven Countries);
  6. Tax treaties

Transfer Pricing

Industrial Property Rights

Posted in Courses | Tagged: , , , , , , , | 1 Comment »

Brazilian Taxation and Investment (in-depth video-conference course) January 24th – March 31st

Posted by William Byrnes on December 21, 2010


Coat of arms of Brazil

Image via Wikipedia

This 10 week live video conference course on Brazil will be taught in English (but all attendants may use Portuguese to ask and respond to questions) by several renown Brazilian specialists who have extensive out-of-country experience, working as international counsel for large multinational companies, big 4 firms, and government,  by concentrate on the Brazilian corporate structures, tax & financial systems, regulations and compliance, focusing on the practical aspects of doing business in Brazil.  We will also discuss the impact of the recent changes in tax/corporate laws and regulations.

Please contact Associate Dean Prof. William Byrnes if you are interested in enrolling in this executive education course.   wbyrnes@tjsl.edu (or my gmail williambyrnes@gmail.com) or skype: professorbyrnes or telephone + 1 619 374 6955

Tax System:

  1. Overview – Main taxes;
  2. Corporate Taxation: Corporate Income tax and Social Contribution;
  3. Simplified tax regime;
  4. Accounting Rules (IFRS and SPED);
  5. Investment incentives;
  6. Developing a Tax Strategy in Brazil;
  7. Tax avoidance versus Tax Evasion

General Overview of Brazilian Indirect Taxes

  1. VAT;
  2. Other Indirect Taxes;

Foreign Investments:

  1. Brazilian Central Bank (Regulations, Registrations and forms);
  2. Dividends, Royalties, Loans, etc;
  3. Capital Gains;
  4. Foreign Trade Rules (Import and Export transactions);

Mergers & Acquisitions;

  1. Corporate aspects;
  2. Tax implications;

Financial System:

  1. Organization,
  2. Newcomers,
  3. Competition,

Foreign Companies:

  1. Tax credit
  2. Withholding Tax;
  3. Financing issues;
  4. Permanent Establishment;
  5. Low-tax Jurisdictions (Tax Haven Countries);
  6. Tax treaties

Transfer Pricing

Industrial Property Rights

Posted in Courses | Tagged: , , , , , , | 2 Comments »

 
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