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Posts Tagged ‘NFFE’

UK trusts under the UK-US Intergovernmental Agreement (IGA)

Posted by William Byrnes on September 16, 2014


August 2014, STEP, alongside ICAEW and The Law Society of England and Wales, updated their joint guide to the treatment of UK trusts under the UK-US Intergovernmental Agreement (IGA) to take into account minor revisions from HMRC. The trust tests (left hand side of the flowchart) have been amended. Detailed questions in Appendix II of the guidance have also been revised to reflect this.  The changes are not fundamental.

book cover

 

download for free –> LexisNexis® Guide to FATCA Compliance (Chapter 1, Background and Current Status of FATCA)

 

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Analysis of new 2014 FATCA W-8BEN-E Instructions

Posted by William Byrnes on June 25, 2014


free FATCA chapter download here —> http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2457671   Number of Pages in PDF File: 58

On June 25, 2014 the IRS released the W-8 BEN-E instructionsRead William Byrnes’ previous April 2 analysis of the W-8BEN-E here.  Read William Byrnes’ analysis of the W-8IMY instructions here.  For analysis of the requirements of the 31 FATCA entity classifications, see William Byrnes’ previous articles:  https://profwilliambyrnes.com/category/fatca/

Analysis of W-8BEN-E Instructions …

Who Must Provide W-8BEN-E?

A foreign entity must submit a Form W-8BEN-E to the withholding agent if it will receive a FATCA withholdable payment, receive a payment subject to chapter 3 withholding, or if it maintains an account with an FFI.

All Beneficial Owners

Form W-8 BEN-E must be provided by ALL the entities that are beneficial owners of a payment, or of another entity that is the beneficial owner.  If the income or account is jointly owned by more than one person, then the income or account will be treated by the withholding agent as owned by a foreign beneficial owner only if Forms W-8BEN or W-8BEN-E are provided by EVERY owner of the account.

Treatment as US Account

If the withholding agent or financial institution receives a Form W-9 from any of the joint owners, then the payment must be treated as made to a U.S. person and the account treated as a U.S. account.  An account will be treated as a U.S. account for FATCA by an FFI if any of the account holders is a specified U.S. person or a U.S.-owned foreign entity (unless the account is otherwise excepted from U.S. account status for FATCA purposes).

Hybrids

Hybrid Entity: A hybrid entity should give Form W-8BEN-E on its own behalf to a withholding agent only for income for which it is claiming a reduced rate of withholding under an income tax treaty or to document its chapter 4 status for purposes of maintaining an account with an FFI requesting this form (when it is not receiving withholdable payments or payments subject to chapter 3 withholding).

Reverse Hybrid: A reverse hybrid entity should give Form W-8BEN-E on its own behalf to a withholding agent only for income for which no treaty benefit is being claimed or to establish its status for chapter 4 purposes (when required).

Who Should Not Use Form W-8BEN-E?

US Person: If the filer is a US person (including US citizens, resident aliens, and entities treated as US persons, such as a corporation organized under the law of a state), then submit Form W-9, Request for Taxpayer Identification Number and Certification.

Foreign Insurance Company: A foreign insurance company that has made an election under section 953(d) to be treated as a U.S. person should submit Form W-9 to certify its “U.S. status” even if it is an FFI for FATCA purposes.  Certain foreign insurance companies issuing annuities or cash value insurance contracts that elect to be treated as a U.S. person for federal tax purposes but are not licensed to do business in the United States are treated as FFIs for purposes of chapter 4. For purposes of providing a withholding agent with documentation for both chapter 3 and chapter 4 purposes, however, such an insurance company is permitted to use Form W-9 to certify its status as a U.S. person.

NRA: A nonresident alien individual must submit Form W-8BEN, Certificate of Foreign Status of Beneficial Owner for United States Tax Withholding and Reporting (Individuals).

Disregarded: A U.S. person that is a single owner of a disregarded entity, and that is not also a hybrid entity claiming treaty benefits, should provide Form W-9.  A foreign branch of a U.S. financial institution (other than a branch that operates as a qualified intermediary) that is treated as an FFI under an applicable IGA is permitted to use Form W-9 to certify its status as a U.S. person for chapter 3 and chapter 4 purposes.

But if the single owner is not a U.S. person,is not a branch of an FFI claiming FATCA status, and is not a hybrid entity claiming treaty benefits, it should provide either Form W-8BEN or Form W-8BEN-E as appropriate.

Intermediary: Form W-8IMY is submitted generally by a payment recipient with non-beneficial owner status, i.e. an intermediary.  Such intermediary can be a U.S. branch, a qualified intermediary, a non-qualified intermediary, foreign partnership, foreign grantor or a foreign simple trust.  Read my analysis of W-8IMY and its instructions in my June 24th article.  An entity treated as a flow-through entity should generally provide Form W-8IMY for chapter 3 or chapter 4 purposes.

Expiration of Form W-8BEN-E.

Generally, a Form W-8BEN-E will remain valid for purposes of both chapters 3 and 4 for a period starting on the date the form is signed and ending on the last day of the third succeeding calendar year, unless a change in circumstances makes any information on the form incorrect.  For example, a Form W-8BEN signed on September 30, 2014 remains valid through December 31, 2017.  However, under certain conditions a Form W-8BEN-E will remain in effect indefinitely until a change of circumstances occurs.

Change in circumstances.

If a change in circumstances makes any information on the Form W-8BEN-E incorrect for purposes of either chapter 3 or chapter 4, then the submitting person must notify the withholding agent or financial institution maintaining the account within 30 days of the change in circumstances and you must file a new Form W-8BEN-E (or other appropriate form as applicable).

Certification

Part XXIX requires certification, under penalty of perjury, by the payee or a person authorized to sign on the payee’s behalf.  This part of the final form also contains the following language that does not appear in the current form: “I agree that I will submit a new form within 30 days if any certification made on this form becomes incorrect.”

Which of the 30 Parts of the W-8BEN-E to Complete?

The W-8BEN-E form has thirty parts, whereas the former dual-purpose W8BEN in use since 2006 has just four parts.  The new 2014 Form W-8BEN-E includes the FATCA and QI entity classification reporting requirements.

All filers of the new W-8BEN-E must complete Parts I and XXIX. The FATCA classification indicated determines which one of the Parts IV through XXVIII must be completed.

Part I – Identification of Beneficial Owner

Part I of the W-8BEN-E requires general information, the QI status, and the FATCA classification of the filer.

Question 1. A disregarded entity or branch enters the legal name of the entity that owns the disregarded entity (looking through multiple disregarded entities if applicable) or maintains the branch.

Question 2. A corporation must enter its country of incorporation.  Any other type of entity must instead enter the country under whose laws it is created, organized, or governed.

Question 3. A disregarded entity receiving a payment should only enter its name on line 3 if it is receiving a withholdable payment or hold an account with an FFI and

  1. has registered with the IRS and been assigned a GIIN associated with the legal name of the disregarded entity;
  2. is a reporting Model 1 FFI or reporting Model 2 FFI; and
  3. is not a hybrid entity using this form to claim treaty benefits.

If not required to provide the legal name, then a disregarded entity receiving a payment or maintaining an account may instead enter its name on line 10.

Question 4 requests the QI status. If the filer is a disregarded entity, partnership, simple trust, or grantor trust, then the filer must complete Part III if the entity is claiming benefits under a U.S. tax treaty.

Question 5 requests the FATCA classification of the entity.  W-8BEN-E currently lists 31 FATCA classifications of which the entity must check only one box unless otherwise indicated. Completion of the W-8BEN-E other parts depend upon the selection of the FATCA classification.

  1. Nonparticipating FFI (including a limited FFI or an FFI related to a Reporting IGA FFI other than a registered deemed-compliant FFI or participating FFI).
  2. Participating FFI.
  3. Reporting Model 1 FFI.
  4. Reporting Model 2 FFI.
  5. Registered deemed-compliant FFI (other than a reporting Model 1 FFI or sponsored FFI that has not obtained a GIIN).
  6. Sponsored FFI that has not obtained a GIIN. Complete Part IV.
  7. Certified deemed-compliant nonregistering local bank. Complete Part V.
  8. Certified deemed-compliant FFI with only low-value accounts. Complete Part VI.
  9. Certified deemed-compliant sponsored, closely held investment vehicle. Complete Part VII.
  10. Certified deemed-compliant limited life debt investment entity. Complete Part VIII.
  11. Certified deemed-compliant investment advisors and investment managers. Complete Part IX.
  12. Owner-documented FFI. Complete Part X.
  13. Restricted distributor. Complete Part XI.
  14. Nonreporting IGA FFI (including an FFI treated as a registered deemed-compliant FFI under an applicable Model 2 IGA). Complete Part XII.
  15. Foreign government, government of a U.S. possession, or foreign central bank of issue. Complete Part XIII.
  16. International organization. Complete Part XIV.
  17. Exempt retirement plans. Complete Part XV.
  18. Entity wholly owned by exempt beneficial owners. Complete Part XVI.
  19. Territory financial institution. Complete Part XVII.
  20. Nonfinancial group entity. Complete Part XVIII.
  21. Excepted nonfinancial start-up company. Complete Part XIX.
  22. Excepted nonfinancial entity in liquidation or bankruptcy. Complete Part XX.
  23. 501(c) organization. Complete Part XXI.
  24. Nonprofit organization. Complete Part XXII.
  25. Publicly traded NFFE or NFFE affiliate of a publicly traded corporation. Complete Part XXIII.
  26. Excepted territory NFFE. Complete Part XXIV.
  27. Active NFFE. Complete Part XXV.
  28. Passive NFFE. Complete Part XXVI as well as Part XXX if substantial U.S. owners*.
  29. Excepted inter-affiliate FFI. Complete Part XXVII.
  30. Direct reporting NFFE.
  31. Sponsored direct reporting NFFE. Complete Part XXVIII

*For a Passive NFFE, a specified U.S. person is a substantial U.S. owner if the person has more than a 10 percent beneficial interest in the entity.

FFIs Covered by an IGA and Related Entities

A reporting IGA FFI resident in, or established under the laws of, a jurisdiction covered by a Model 1 IGA should check “Reporting Model 1 FFI.” A reporting FFI resident in, or established under the laws of, a jurisdiction covered by a Model 2 IGA should check “Reporting Model 2 FFI.”

If the FFI is treated as a registered deemed-compliant FFI under an applicable IGA, it should check “Nonreporting IGA FFI” rather than “registered deemed-compliant FFI” and provide its GIIN in Part XII, line 26.

An FFI that is related to a reporting IGA FFI and that is treated as a nonparticipating FFI in its country of residence should check nonparticipating FFI in line 5. An FFI that is related to a reporting IGA FFI and that is a participating FFI, deemed-compliant FFI, or exempt beneficial owner under the U.S. Treasury regulations or an applicable IGA should check the appropriate box for its chapter 4 status.

Requirement to Provide a GIIN

If the entity is in the process of registering with the IRS as a participating FFI, registered deemed-compliant FFI, reporting Model 1 FFI, reporting Model 2 FFI, direct reporting NFFE, or sponsored direct reporting NFFE, but has not received a GIIN, it may complete this line by writing “applied for.” However, the person requesting this form must receive and verify the GIIN within 90 days.

For payments made prior to January 1, 2015, a Form W-8BEN-E provided by a reporting Model 1 FFI need not contain a GIIN. For payments made prior to January 1, 2016, a sponsored direct reporting NFFE or sponsored FFI that has not obtained a GIIN must provide the GIIN of its sponsoring entity.

501(c) Organization

Only foreign entities that are tax-exempt under section 501 should check the 501(c) organization “Tax-exempt organization” box. Such organizations should use Form W-8BEN-E only if they are claiming a reduced rate of withholding under an income tax treaty or a code exception other than section 501. If claiming an exemption from withholding under code section 501, then it must submit Form W-8EXP to document the exemption and chapter 4 status.

Non-Profit Organizations Covered by an IGA

A non-profit entity that is established and maintained in a jurisdiction that is treated as having in effect a Model 1 IGA or Model 2 IGA, and that meets the definition of Active NFFE under Annex I of the applicable IGA, should not check a box for its status on line 5.

Completion of Parts IV through XXVIII

An entity should complete only one part of Parts IV through XXVIII certifying to the chapter 4 status. But an entity that selects nonparticipating FFI, participating FFI, registered deemed-compliant FFI, reporting Model 1 FFI, reporting Model 2 FFI, or direct reporting NFFE (other than a sponsored direct reporting NFFE) is not required to complete any of the certifications in Parts IV through XXVIII.

Part IV Sponsored FFI That Has Not Obtained a GIIN
Part V Certified Deemed-Compliant Nonregistering Local Bank
Part VI Certified Deemed-Compliant FFI with Only Low-Value Accounts
Part VII Certified Deemed-Compliant Sponsored, Closely Held Investment Vehicle
Part VIII Certified Deemed-Compliant Limited Life Debt Investment Entity
Part IX Certified Deemed-Compliant Investment Advisors and Investment Managers
Part X Owner-Documented FFI
Part XI Restricted Distributor
Part XII Nonreporting IGA FFI
Part XIII Foreign Government, Government of a U.S. Possession, or Foreign Central Bank of Issue
Part XIV International Organization
Part XV Exempt Retirement Plans
Part XVI Entity Wholly Owned by Exempt Beneficial Owners
Part XVII Territory Financial Institution
Part XVIII Excepted Nonfinancial Group Entity
Part XIX Excepted Nonfinancial Start-Up Company
Part XX Excepted Nonfinancial Entity in Liquidation or Bankruptcy
Part XXI 501(c) Organization
Part XXII Non-Profit Organization
Part XXIII Publicly Traded NFFE or NFFE Affiliate of a Publicly Traded Corporation
Part XXIV Excepted Territory NFFE
Part XXV Active NFFE
Part XXVI Passive NFFE
Part XXVII Excepted Inter-Affiliate FFI
Part XXVIII Sponsored Direct Reporting NFFE
Part XXIX Certification
Part XXX Substantial U.S. Owners of Passive NFFE

Part X – Owner-Documented FFI

Line 24a. An owner-documented FFI must check the box to certify that it meets all of the requirements for this status and is providing this form to a U.S. financial institution, participating FFI, reporting Model 1 FFI, or reporting Model 2 FFI that agrees to act as a designated withholding agent with respect to the FFI identified on line 1. Then select either 24b or 24c.

Line 24b. Check this box to certify that the documentation set forth in the certifications has been provided (or will be provided), including the owner reporting statement described in this line 24b, or

Line 24c. Check this box to certify that the auditor’s letter has been provided (or will be provided).

Entities Providing Certifications Under an Applicable IGA

In lieu of the certifications contained in Parts IV through XXVIII of Form W-8BEN-E, a reporting Model 1 FFI or reporting Model 2 FFI in certain cases may request alternate certifications to document its account holders pursuant to an applicable IGA or it may otherwise provide an alternate certification to a withholding agent.

A withholding agent that is an FFI may provide a chapter 4 status certification other than as shown in Parts IX through XXVIII in order to satisfy its due diligence requirements under an applicable IGA. In such a case, attach that alternative certification to this Form W-8BEN-E in lieu of completing a certification otherwise required in Parts IV through XXVIII provided that

1) the certification accurately reflects the chapter 4 status or under an applicable IGA; and

2) the withholding agent provides a written statement that it has provided the certification to meet its due diligence requirements as a participating FFI or registered deemed-compliant FFI under an applicable IGA.

An applicable IGA certification may be provided with the W-8BEN-E if determining chapter 4 status under the definitions provided in an applicable IGA and that certification identifies the jurisdiction that is treated as having an IGA in effect and describes the status as an NFFE or FFI in accordance with the applicable IGA.

However, if under an applicable IGA the entity’s status is determined to be an NFFE, it must still determine if it is an excepted NFFE under the FATCA Regulations. Additionally, the entity must comply with the conditions of its status under the law of the IGA jurisdiction.

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1,200 pages of analysis of the compliance challenges, over 54 chapters by 70 FATCA contributing experts from over 30 countries.  Besides in-depth, practical analysis, the 2015 edition includes examples, charts, time lines, links to source documents, and compliance analysis pursuant to the IGA and local regulations for many U.S. trading partners and financial centers.   The Lexis Guide to FATCA Compliance, designed from interviews with over 100 financial institutions and professional firms, is a primary reference source for financial institutions and service providers, advisors and government departments.  No filler of forms and regs – it’s all beef !  See Lexis’ order site and request a copy of the forthcoming 2015 edition – http://www.lexisnexis.com/store/catalog/booktemplate/productdetail.jsp?pageName=relatedProducts&prodId=prod19190327

A free download of the first of the 34 chapters is available at http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2457671

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If you are interested in discussing the Master or Doctoral degree in the areas of international taxation or anti money laundering compliance, please contact me profbyrnes@gmail.com to Google Hangout or Skype that I may take you on an “online tour”

  • Chapter 1 Background and Current Status of FATCA
  • Chapter 1A The International Financial System and FATCA
  • Chapter 2 Practical Considerations for Developing a FATCA Compliance Program
  • Chapter 2A FATCA Internal Policy
  • Chapter 3 FATCA Compliance and Integration of Information Technology
  • Chapter 4 Financial Institution Account Remediation
  • Chapter 4A FATCA Customer Outreach
  • Chapter 5 FBAR and Form 8938 Reporting and List of International Taxpayer IRS Forms
  • Chapter 6 Determining U.S. Ownership of Foreign Entities
  • Chapter 7 Foreign Financial Institutions
  • Chapter 7A Account reporting under FATCA
  • Chapter 8 Non-Financial Foreign Entities
  • Chapter 9 FATCA and the Offshore Trust Industry
  • Chapter 10 FATCA and the Insurance Industry
  • Chapter 11 Withholding and Qualified Intermediary
  • Chapter 12 FATCA Withholding Compliance
  • Chapter 13 “Withholdable” Payments
  • Chapter 13A Reporting Payments
  • Chapter 14 Determining and Documenting the Payee
  • Chapter 14A W8 Equivalents
  • Chapter 15 Framework of Intergovernmental Agreements
  • Chapter 16 Analysis of Current Intergovernmental Agreements
  • Chapter 17 European Union Cross Border Information Reporting
  • Chapter 18 The OECD Role in Exchange of Information: The Trace Project, FATCA, and Beyond
  • Chapter 19 Germany
  • Chapter 20 Ireland
  • Chapter 21 Japan
  • Chapter 22 Mexico
  • Chapter 23 Switzerland
  • Chapter 24 United Kingdom
  • Chapter 25 Brazil
  • Chapter 26 British Virgin Islands
  • Chapter 27 Canada
  • Chapter 28 Spain
  • Chapter 29 China
  • Chapter 30 Netherlands
  • Chapter 31 Luxembourg
  • Chapter 32 Russia
  • Chapter 33 Turkey
  • Chapter 34 India
  • Chapter 35 Argentina
  • Chapter 36 Aruba
  • Chapter 37 Australia
  • Chapter 38 Bermuda
  • Chapter 39 Colombia
  • Chapter 40 Cyprus
  • Chapter 41 Hong Kong
  • Chapter 42 Macau
  • Chapter 43 Portugal
  • Chapter 44 South Africa
  • Chapter 45 France
  • Chapter 46 Gibraltar
  • Chapter 47 Guernsey
  • Chapter 48 Italy

Posted in FATCA, W-8BEN-E | Tagged: , , , , , , , | 3 Comments »

FFI Agreements Amended by IRS One Week Before Withholding Starts

Posted by William Byrnes on June 24, 2014


On June 24, 2014 the IRS released an updated version of the FATCA FFI Agreement for Participating FFI and Reporting Model 2 FFI, just one week before FATCA withholding begins July 1st.   The previous FFI agreement version was released January 13th as Revenue Procedure 2014-13 (see my article link).

The IRS has updated the FFI agreement make it consistent with the coordination temporary regulations under chapter 4 of the Code, chapters 3 and 61 of the Code, and section 3406, which were released on February 20, 2014. (link to my article on these US Withholding and Documentation Rules changes).

This revenue procedure also provides guidance to FFIs and branches of FFIs treated as reporting financial institutions under an applicable Model 2 intergovernmental agreement (IGA) (reporting 2 Model 2 FFIs) on complying with the terms of the FFI agreement, as modified by the Model 2 IGA. The FFI agreement does not apply to a reporting Model 1 FFI, or any branch of such an FFI, unless the reporting Model 1 FFI has registered a branch located outside of a Model 1 IGA jurisdiction so that such branch may be treated as a participating FFI or reporting Model 2 FFI. In such a case, the terms of the applicable FFI agreement apply to the operations of such branch.

A reporting Model 2 FFI should apply the FFI agreement by substituting the term “reporting Model 2 FFI” for “participating FFI” throughout the FFI agreement, except in cases where the FFI agreement explicitly refers to a reporting Model 2 FFI.  The FFI agreement in section 5 of this revenue procedure shall apply to an FFI that has submitted a FATCA registration with the IRS to be treated as a participating FFI (including a reporting Model 2 FFI) and that has received a global intermediary identification number (GIIN), regardless of whether the FFI receives a GIIN before or after the effective date of this revenue procedure.

How Many FFIS are Impacted by this Change? 

About 26% (19,960) of the registered FFIs are impacted by the FFI agreement changes, in addition to any new registrations from the current 9 Model 2 countries/jurisdictions and 171 countries/jurisdictions without an IGA.

77,353 financial institutions and their branches registered from 205 countries and jurisdictions, of a total of 250 countries and jurisdictions recognized by the USA.

Of this total registered, 71,219  FFIs (92%) registered from the 79 countries and jurisdictions that as of June 23rd have an IGA.  57,393 FFIs registered from Model I IGA jurisdictions probably either as a category of a Model 1 Deemed Compliant FFI or as a branch.  However, 13,826 of these registered as Model 2 reporting FFIs or branches.  At least these 13,826 are impacted by the FFI Agreement changes.

Model 2 IGAs – 9 (13,826 FFI Registered)

  1. Armenia (5-8-2014): 27
  2. Austria (4-29-2014): 2,978
  3. Bermuda (12-19-2013): 1,242
  4. Chile (3-5-2014): 324
  5. Hong Kong (5-9-2014): 1.539
  6. Japan (6-11-2013): 3,251
  7. Paraguay (6-6-2014): 17
  8. Switzerland (2-14-2013): 4,040
  9. Taiwan: 408

Non IGA Registrations (Participating FFI and other)

Only 6,134 FFIs registered from the remaining non-IGA countries / jurisdictions either as Participating FFIs or branches.   These 6,134 are also impacted by the FFI agreement changes.

45 countries and jurisdictions did not have a single FFI or branch registration on the GIIN List.  Presumably, FFIs and / or branches from these countries, such as Kosovo, will find their way unto the July 1st GIIN list.

Meanwhile, 30% withholding on all withholdable payments to nonparticipating FFIs in the 171 non-IGA countries begins next week on July 1.  Most commentators expect a rush of over 300,000 FFI registrations by the end of 2014.  Some predict more than a half million entities must still register, based on the UK’s HMRC estimate that 75,000 entities are impacted by FATCA within the United Kingdom (where less than 6,300 are currently registered on the GIIN list).

Updates to FFI Agreement

Definitions

Several definitions in section 2 of the FFI agreement are updated. For example, the terms chapter 4 withholding rate pool (including the U.S. payee pool) and chapter 4 reporting pool have been redefined and are further clarified.

Incorporating Six Month Extension for Entities

Section 3.02 of the FFI agreement is revised to incorporate the allowance for treating an obligation held by an entity that is issued, opened, or executed on or after July 1, 2014, and before January 1, 2015 as a preexisting obligation for purposes of applying the due diligence procedures under chapter 4 and the regulations thereunder, except that an FFI may not apply the documentation exception.

Back Up Withholding in Certain Situations

Sections 4.01(D), 4.02(B), 6.05(A)(2), 6.07, and 9.02(B) of the FFI agreement are also updated to reflect that a participating FFI may elect to backup withhold under section 3406 rather than to withhold under chapter 4 on a withholdable payment that is a reportable payment made to certain U.S. non-exempt recipients only if the participating FFI complies with the information reporting rules under chapter 61 with respect to payments made to such account holders.

Depositing Withheld Tax

In addition, section 5.02 of the FFI agreement (regarding tax withheld and set aside in escrow with respect to withholdable payments to certain dormant accounts) is revised to conform to the temporary chapter 4 regulations for when the tax must be deposited.

Lead FFI Responsibility

Section 11.02(B) of the FFI agreement is revised to clarify that the responsibilities of a lead FI are only with respect to members of the FFI group that have designated the participating FFI to act as lead FI on their behalf. Additionally, if an FFI group has a consolidated compliance program, the participating FFI that is also the compliance FI for the members of the FFI group that are included in such compliance program must act as the lead FI for each such member of the FFI group.

PFFI Reporting NFFE Account Holder as a U.S. Account

Section 9.02(B) of the FFI agreement also is revised to allow a participating FFI that receives a withholdable payment that is allocable to an account holder of the FFI that is a passive NFFE with one or more substantial U.S. owner(s) (or, in the case of a reporting Model 2 FFI, with one or more controlling persons as defined under the applicable IGA) to certify on a withholding statement provided to the withholding agent that the FFI is reporting the account holder as a U.S. account under the terms of the FFI agreement.

When finalizing the temporary chapter 4 regulations, the Treasury Department and the IRS intend to amend the regulations to allow a withholding agent to rely on such a certification provided by a participating FFI, reporting Model 2 FFI, or reporting Model 1 FFI, which, absent a reason to know that the certificate is incorrect or unreliable, would relieve the withholding agent of its obligation to obtain and report information about a passive NFFE with substantial U.S. owners under section 1472. This amendment is intended to eliminate duplicative reporting of substantial U.S. owners (or controlling persons) of passive NFFEs required under section 1472 as well as under the U.S. account reporting requirements of a participating FFI, reporting Model 2 FFI, or reporting Model 1 FFI under chapter 4 or an applicable IGA.

Portional Allocation of Withholdable Payments

Section 9.02(B) is also revised to provide that a participating FFI may allocate a portion of a withholdable payment to a group of documented account holders (other than nonqualified intermediaries or flow-through entities) for whom withholding and reporting is not required under chapter 3, 4, or 61. For example, a participating FFI may allocate a payment of bank deposit interest to a pool of documented foreign account holders rather than providing specific information and a valid withholding certificate or other appropriate documentation for each such payee. The Treasury Department and the IRS intend to amend the regulations to incorporate this change when the temporary chapter 4 regulations are finalized.

FFI Agreement Sections

Section 1. Purpose And Scope
Section 2. Definitions
Section 3. Due Diligence Requirements For Documentation And Identification Of Account Holders And Nonparticipating FFI Payees
Section 4. Withholding Requirements
Section 5. Deposit Requirements
Section 6. Information Reporting And Tax Return Obligations
Section 7. Legal Prohibitions On Reporting U.S. Accounts And On Withholding
Section 8. Compliance Procedures
Section 9. Participating FFI Withholding Certificate
Section 10. Adjustments For Overwithholding And Underwithholding And Refunds
Section 11. FFI Group
Section 12. Expiration, Modification, Termination, Default, And Renewal Of This Agreement
Section 13. Miscellaneous Provisions

book coverPractical Compliance Aspects of FATCA and GATCA

The LexisNexis® Guide to FATCA Compliance (2nd Edition) comprises 34 Chapters by 50 industry experts grouped in three parts: compliance program (Chapters 1–4), analysis of FATCA regulations (Chapters 5–16) and analysis of Intergovernmental Agreements (IGAs) and local law compliance challenges (Chapters 17–34), including intergovernmental agreements as well as the OECD’s TRACE initiative for global automatic information exchange protocols and systems.   A free download of the first of the 34 chapters is available at http://www.lexisnexis.com/store/images/samples/9780769853734.pdf

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IRS releases 4 new FATCA FAQs three days before registration deadline

Posted by William Byrnes on May 2, 2014


On May 1, the IRS released 4 new FATCA Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) and Answers.  The 4 new FAQs address the topics of Responsible Officers,  Branches/Disregarded Entities and Registration Update.  2 of the new FAQs, on Responsible Officer and on Branches, are further divided into multiple sub-questions.  The new Q&A are posted below.

The IRS answered important questions such as: How does a branch in a Model 1 IGA jurisdiction satisfy its FATCA registration requirements?  How does a branch or a disregarded entity (DE) in a jurisdiction that does not have an IGA, or that is in a Model 2 IGA jurisdiction, satisfy its FATCA registration requirements?

FATCA IRS Q&A has to date been provided on the following topics: (previous FAQ update is available at https://profwilliambyrnes.com/2014/04/24/irs-releases-new-fatca-faqs/)

Responsible Officers and Points of Contact

# Questions Answers
Q5. For each of the following FATCA classifications (i.e. Participating Foreign Financial Institution “PFFI”, PFFI that elects to be part of a consolidated compliance program, Registered Deemed-Compliant Foreign Financial Institution “RDCFFI”, Reporting Model 1 FFI, Limited FFI and US Financial Institution “USFI”) what type of individual may serve as a Responsible Officer for purposes of Part 1, Question 10 of the FATCA Registration?

With respect to a PFFI, an RO is an officer of the FFI (or an officer of any Member FI that is a PFFI, Reporting Model 1 FFI or Reporting Model 2 FFI) with sufficient authority to fulfill the duties of a Responsible Officer described in a FFI Agreement. 

With respect to a PFFI that elects to be part of a consolidated compliance program, an RO is an officer of the Compliance FI with sufficient authority to fulfill the duties of a Responsible Officer described in the FFI Agreement on behalf of each FFI in the compliance group (regardless of whether the FFI is a Limited FFI or treated as a Reporting Model 1 FFI or Reporting Model 2 FFI).

With respect to a RDCFFI, other than a RDCFFI that is a Reporting Model 1 FFI, an RO is an officer of the FI (or an officer of any Member FFI that is a PFFI, Reporting Model 1 FFI, or Reporting Model 2 FFI) with sufficient authority to ensure that the FFI meets the applicable requirements to be treated as a RDCFFI. 

With respect to a Reporting Model 1 FFI, an RO is any individual specified under local law to register and obtain a GIIN on behalf of the FFI.  If, however, the Reporting Model 1 FFI operates any branches outside of a Model 1 IGA jurisdiction, then the RO identified must be an individual who can satisfy the requirements under the laws of the Model 1 IGA jurisdiction and the requirements relevant to the registration type selected for each of its non-Model 1 IGA branches. 

With respect to a Limited FFI, an RO is an officer of the Limited FFI (or an officer of any Member FI that is a PFFI, Reporting Model 1 FFI, or Reporting Model 2 FFI) with sufficient authority to ensure that the FI meets the applicable requirements to be treated as a Limited FFI. 

With respect to a USFI that is registering as a “Lead FI”, an RO is any officer of the FI (or an officer of any Member FI) with sufficient authority to register its Member FIs and to manage the online FATCA accounts for such members.

Q6.

Part 4 of the online registration system* states:

By checking this box, I, _________, [(the responsible officer or delegate thereof (herein collectively referred to as the “RO”)], certify that, to the best of my knowledge, the information submitted above is accurate and complete and I am authorized to agree that the Financial Institution (including its branches, if any) will comply with its FATCA obligations in accordance with the terms and conditions reflected in regulations, intergovernmental agreements, and other administrative guidance to the extent applicable to the Financial Institution based on its status in each jurisdiction in which it operates.

*Note: Part 4 of Form 8957 contains a substantially similar certification.

Can this statement be broken down into two declarations of the RO, as follows? 

(i) The RO certifies that, to the best of its knowledge, the information submitted above is accurate and complete. 

(ii) The RO agrees that the FI (including its branches, if any) will comply with its FATCA obligations in accordance with the terms and conditions reflected in regulations, intergovernmental agreements, and other administrative guidance to the extent applicable to the FI based on its status in each jurisdiction in which it operates.

Yes.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Does the first declaration above mean that the RO certifies that, to the best of its knowledge, the FI meets the requirements of its claimed status?

Yes.

 

Does the second declaration above apply to an FI treated as a reporting Model 2 FFI?

Yes.

 

Does the second declaration above (relating to a Participating FFI) require the signing party to ensure that the FFI and its member FFIs (including its branches, if any) comply with its respective obligations under the terms of its FFI Agreement or any applicable intergovernmental agreement and any such applicable local law? 

The second declaration requires the signing party to be able to certify that, to the best of the signing party’s knowledge at the time the FATCA registration is signed, the FI and its member FFIs intend to comply with their respective FATCA obligations. 

A Participating FFI will have its certifying responsible officer (as defined in Treasury Regulation §1.1471-1(b)(116)) periodically certify to the IRS regarding the FFI’s compliance with its FFI agreement.  As noted in FAQ 1, the RO identified in Part 4 will normally be an individual with sufficient authority to be eligible for RO status under Treas. Reg. § 1.1471-1(b)(116).  (See, however, above regarding “Delegation of RO Duties.”)

 

How do the certifications in Part 4 apply to FIs treated as reporting Model 1 FFIs?

The first declaration above applies to FIs treated as reporting Model 1 FFIs and, as such, the RO of an FI treated as a reporting Model 1 FFI certifies that, to the best of the RO’s knowledge, the information submitted as part of the FATCA Registration process is accurate and complete.  The second declaration, however, has limited applicability to FIs treated as reporting Model 1 FFIs because the FI does not have ongoing FATCA compliance obligations directly with the IRS.  Instead, the compliance and reporting obligations of an FI treated as a reporting Model 1 FFI are to its local authority.  However, a reporting Model 1 FFI that has branches (as identified in Part 1, line 9 of Form 8957) that are located outside of a Model 1 IGA jurisdiction will also agree to the terms applicable to the statuses of such branches.  Additionally, an FI (including an FI in a Model 1 IGA jurisdiction) that is also registering to renew its QI, WP, or WT Agreement will agree to the terms of such renewed QI, WP, or WT Agreements by making the second declaration.

 

Registration Update

# Questions Answers
Q2.

For each of the following FATCA classifications (i.e. Participating Foreign Financial Institution “PFFI” for Reporting Model 2 FFI, Registered Deemed Compliant Foreign Financial Institutions “RDCFFI” (for both Model 1 and non-Model 1 FFIs), Sponsoring Entity, Limited FFI or Limited Branch, Renewing QI/WP/WT, US Financial Institution “USFI” treated as a Lead FI and Direct Reporting NFFE) what is the impact of completing Part IV of the FATCA Registration?

 

PFFI Status for Reporting Model 2 FFI

Reporting Model 2 FFIs are registering to obtain a GIIN, provide authorization for individuals named in Part 1, Line 11 of the FATCA Registration to receive information related to FATCA registration, and to confirm that they will comply with the terms of an FFI Agreement in accordance with the FFI agreement, as modified by any applicable Model 2 IGA.

Notwithstanding the paragraph above, Reporting Model 2 FFIs operating branches outside of Model 1 or 2 IGA jurisdictions are agreeing to the terms of an FFI Agreement for such branches, unless the branches are treated as Limited Branches or are U.S. branches that are treated as U.S. persons.  Additionally, Reporting Model 2 FFIs requesting renewal of a QI, WP or WT Agreement are entering into the renewed Model QI, WP, or WT Agreements, as applicable. 

RDCFFI Status for Reporting Model 1 FFI

Reporting Model 1 FFIs are not entering into FFI Agreements via the FATCA registration process.  Reporting Model 1 FFIs are registering to obtain a GIIN and to provide authorization for individuals named in Part 1, Line 11 of the FATCA Registration to receive information related to FATCA registration.  Notwithstanding the preceding sentence, Reporting Model 1 FFIs operating branches outside of Model 1 or 2 IGA jurisdictions are agreeing to the terms of an FFI Agreement for such branches, unless the branches are treated as Limited Branches.  Additionally, Reporting Model 1FFIs requesting renewal of a QI, WP or WT Agreement are entering into such renewed Model QI, WP, or WT Agreements, as applicable. 

RDCFFI Status for FFI (other than a Reporting Model 1 FFI)

An FFI that is registering as an RDCFFI, other than a Reporting Model 1 FFI, is agreeing that it meets the requirements to be treated as an RDCFFI under relevant Treasury Regulations or is agreeing that it meets the requirements to be treated as a RDCFFI pursuant to an applicable Model 2 IGA.

Sponsoring Entity Status

An entity that is registering as a Sponsoring Entity is agreeing that it will perform the due diligence, reporting and withholding responsibilities of one or more Sponsored FFIs or Sponsored Direct Reporting NFFEs.

Limited FFI or Limited Branch Status

An FFI that is registering as a Limited FFI is confirming that it will comply with the terms applicable to a Limited FFI.  A branch of a PFFI that is registering as a Limited Branch is confirming that it will comply with the terms applicable to a Limited Branch.  GIINs will not be issued to a Limited FFI or Limited Branch.

Renewing QI/WP/WT 

An FFI, including a foreign branch of a USFI, requesting renewal of a QI Agreement is agreeing to comply with the relevant terms of the renewed Model QI Agreement with respect to its branches that are identified as operating as a QI.  The obligations under the renewed Model QI Agreement are in addition to any obligations imposed on the FFI to be treated as a PFFI, Reporting Model 2 FFI, RDCFFI, or Reporting Model 1 FFI. 

 

An FFI that is applying to renew its WP or WT Agreement is agreeing to comply with the relevant terms of the renewed Model WP or WT Agreement.  The obligations under the renewed Model WP or WT Agreement are in addition to any obligations imposed on the FFI to be treated as PFFI, Reporting Model 2 FFI, RDCFFI, or Reporting Model 1 FFI.  Additionally, a QI, WP, or WT is also certifying that it has in place and has implemented written policies, procedures, and processes for documenting, withholding, reporting and depositing tax with respect to its chapters 3 and 61 withholding responsibilities under its QI, WP, or WT Agreement. 

USFI treated as a Lead FI

A USFI that is part of an EAG and registering its Members FIs is agreeing to manage the online FATCA account for each such Member FI.

Direct Reporting NFFE

A direct reporting NFFE is agreeing to comply with the terms and obligations described under Treas. Reg. § 1.1472-1(c)(3). 

 

Branch/Disregarded Entity

# Questions Answers

Q1.

How does a disregarded entity (DE) in a Model 1 IGA jurisdiction satisfy its FATCA registration requirements?

A DE in a Model 1 IGA jurisdiction must register as an entity separate from its owner in order to be treated as a reporting Model 1 FFI, provided that the DE is treated as a separate entity for purposes of its reporting to the applicable Model 1 jurisdiction.  Select either a “Single” FFI or “Member” FFI in Part 1, Question 1 of the FATCA Registration (as appropriate).  Select “Registered Deemed-Compliant Financial Institution (including a Reporting Financial Institution under a Model 1 IGA)” in Part 1, Question 4.  When the owner of the DE registers on its own behalf, it should not report the DE as a branch.

 

How does a branch in a Model 1 IGA jurisdiction satisfy its FATCA registration requirements?

In general, a branch (as defined in Treas. Reg. § 1.1471-4(e)(2)(ii)) should be registered as a branch of its owner and not as a separate entity.  Thus, the branch will be registered by the FI of which the branch is a part (including an appropriate Lead FI or Sponsoring Entity) when that FI completes Part 1 of its own FATCA registration.  The online registration user guide provides further instructions on how to register branches.  In general, a branch is a unit, business, or office of an FFI that is treated as a branch under the regulatory regime of a country or is otherwise regulated under the laws of such country as separate from other offices, units, or branches of the FI.

 

How does a branch or a disregarded entity (DE) in a jurisdiction that does not have an IGA, or that is in a Model 2 IGA jurisdiction, satisfy its FATCA registration requirements?

A branch (including a DE) that is in a Model 2 IGA jurisdiction, or a jurisdiction without an IGA, should be registered as a branch of its owner (rather than as a separate entity).  As such, the branch will be registered by the FI of which the branch is a part (including an appropriate Lead FI or Sponsoring Entity) when that FI completes Part 1 of its own FATCA registration.  The branch will not have a separate registration account, but will be assigned a separate GIIN, if eligible.  When the FI completes its FATCA registration and registers its branches by answering Questions 7, 8, and 9, GIINs will be assigned with respect to the registered branches, where appropriate.  The online registration user guide provides further instructions on how to register branches.   A separate GIIN will be issued to the FI to identify each jurisdiction where it maintains a branch that is participating or registered deemed-compliant. 

All branches (and, except in Model 1 IGA jurisdictions, disregarded entities) of an FI located in a single jurisdiction are treated as one branch and, as a result, will share a single GIIN.  U.S. branches and limited branches are not eligible to receive their own GIINs.  A branch of an FFI located in the FFI’s home country will use the GIIN of the FFI.  For example, suppose FI W (located in Country X) has one branch in Country X, two branches in Country Y and owns a DE in Country Z.  Country Z is a Model 1 IGA jurisdiction.  FI W will receive a Country X GIIN.  FI W’s Country X branch will use W’s GIIN.  The two branches in Country Y will be treated as a single branch, and so FI W will be issued a single Country Y GIIN for these two branches to share.  The Country Z DE will register as an entity separate from its owner, in order to be treated as a reporting Model 1 FFI, and will receive its own GIIN. 

book coverOperational Compliance Guide for FATCA .. a Lexis solution for compliance officers

The LexisNexis® Guide to FATCA Compliance (2nd Edition) comprises 34 Chapters grouped in three parts: compliance program (Chapters 1–4), analysis of FATCA regulations (Chapters 5–16) and analysis of Intergovernmental Agreements (IGAs) and local law compliance challenges (Chapters 17–34), including intergovernmental agreements as well as the OECD’s TRACE initiative for global automatic information exchange protocols and systems. The 34 chapters include many practical examples to assist a compliance officer contextualize the regulations, IGA provisions, and national rules enacted pursuant to an IGA.  Chapters include by example an in-depth analysis of the categorization of trusts pursuant to the Regulations and IGAs, operational specificity of the mechanisms of information capture, management and exchange by firms and between countries.

If you are interested in discussing the Master or Doctorate degree in the areas of financial services or international taxation, please contact me https://profwilliambyrnes.com/online-tax-degree/

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Analysis of the new FATCA W-8IMY released today

Posted by William Byrnes on April 30, 2014


free chapter download here —> http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2457671   Number of Pages in PDF File: 58

On April 30, 2014 the IRS released the new Form W-8IMY (“Form W-8IMY”), formally replacing its 2006 predecessor W-8IMY. This new Form W-8IMY has 28 parts whereas the previous August 2013 FATCA draft W-8IMY only contained 26.  The new 2014 Form W-8IMY is vastly different from the seven-part 2006 predecessor form.  (Analysis of the New W-8BEN-E released April 2 is available at https://profwilliambyrnes.com/2014/04/02/irs-releases-final-fatca-form-w-8ben-e/)

Below is a summary for the W-8IMY.  For a full compliance analysis of the new form W-8IMY and the other potentially required withholding forms drafted by the > Lexis FATCA experts <, see >LexisNexis® Guide to FATCA Compliance< Chapter 11 Withholding And Qualified Intermediary, § 11.08 Applicable Withholding Forms, [5] Analysis of Form W-8IMY.

Form W-8IMY is submitted generally by a payment recipient (the “filer”) with non-beneficial owner status, i.e. an intermediary.  Such intermediary can be a U.S. branch, a qualified intermediary, a non-qualified intermediary, foreign partnership, foreign grantor or a foreign simple trust.  Form W-8IMY requires a tax identification number.

Part I of the Form adds FATCA classification.   Part I of the form requires general information, the Chapter 3 QI status, and the Chapter 4 FATCA classification of the filer.

Question 4 of Part I requests the QI status:

If the filer is a Qualified Intermediary, then the filer must complete Part III Qualified Intermediary.  If the filer is a Nonqualified Intermediary, then the filer must complete Part IV Nonqualified Intermediary.

Territory Financial Institutions complete Part V. U.S. Branches complete Part VI.

Withholding Foreign Partnership or Withholding Foreign Trusts complete Part VII.

Nonwithholding Foreign Partnership, Nonwithholding Foreign Simple Trust, and Nonwithholding foreign grantor trusts must complete Part VIII.

Question 5 requests the FATCA classification of the filer. The classification indicated determines which one of the Parts IX through XXVII must be completed.

Part II of this form is to be completed if the entity is a disregarded entity or a branch receiving payment as an intermediary. Part II only applies to branches of an FFI outside the FFI’s country of residence.

Chapter 3 Status Certifications  Parts III – VIII

Parts III – VIII of this form address the QI Status of the entity. Part III is to be completed if the entity is a QI, and requires the entity to certify that it is a QI and has provided appropriate documentation. Part IV is to be completed if the entity is a Nonqualified Intermediary (NQI), and requires the entity to certify that it is a NQI not acting for its own account.

Part V is to be completed if the entity is a Territory Financial Institution. Part VI is to be completed by a U.S. branch only if the branch certifies on the form that it is the U.S. branch of a U.S. bank or insurance company, and that the payments made are not effectively connected to a U.S. trade or business. Part VII is to be completed if the entity is a Foreign Withholding Partnership (WP) or a Withholding Foreign Trust (WT). Part VIII is to be completed if the entity is either a Nonwithholding Foreign Partnership, Simple Trust, or Grantor Trust.

Chapter 4 Status Certifications Parts IX – XXVI

Parts IX – XXVI of this form address the FATCA Status of the entity. These classifications include the new classification of a Restricted Distributor (Part XVI), but do not include the new classification of a Reporting NFFE.

Statement of Certification

Part XXVIII requires certification, under penalty of perjury, by the payee or a person authorized to sign on the payee’s behalf. Finally, the form contains the following language: “I agree that I will submit a new form within 30 days if any certification made on this form becomes incorrect.”

Structure of New Form Form W-8IMY

  • Part I Identification of Entity
  • Part II Disregarded Entity or Branch Receiving Payment.

Chapter 3 Status Certifications

  • Part III Qualified Intermediary
  • Part IV Nonqualified Intermediary
  • Part V Territory Financial Institution
  • Part VI Certain U.S. Branches
  • Part VII Withholding Foreign Partnership (WP) or Withholding Foreign Trust (WT)
  • Part VIII Nonwithholding Foreign Partnership, Simple Trust, or Grantor Trust

Chapter 4 Status Certifications

  • Part IX Nonparticipating FFI with Exempt Beneficial Owners
  • Part X Sponsored FFI That Has Not Obtained a GIIN
  • Part XI Owner-Documented FFI
  • Part XII Certified Deemed-Compliant Nonregistering Local Bank
  • Part XIII Certified Deemed-Compliant FFI with Only Low-Value Accounts
  • Part XIV Certified Deemed-Compliant Sponsored, Closely Held Investment Vehicle
  • Part XV Certified Deemed-Compliant Limited Life Debt Investment Entity
  • Part XVI Restricted Distributor
  • Part XVII Foreign Central Bank of Issue
  • Part XVIII Nonreporting IGA FFI
  • Part XIX Exempt Retirement Plans
  • Part XX Excepted Nonfinancial Group Entity
  • Part XXI Excepted Nonfinancial Start-Up Company
  • Part XXII Excepted Nonfinancial Entity in Liquidation or Bankruptcy
  • Part XXIII Publicly Traded NFFE or NFFE Affiliate of a Publicly Traded Corporation
  • Part XXIV Excepted Territory NFFE
  • Part XXV Active NFFE
  • Part XXVI Passive NFFE
  • Part XXVII Sponsored Direct Reporting NFFE

Sworn Certification

  • Part XXVIII Certification

book coverPractical Compliance Aspects of FATCA and GATCA

For in-depth analysis of the practical compliance aspects of financial service business providing for exchange of information of information about foreign residents with their national competent authority or with the IRS (FATCA), see Lexis Guide to FATCA Compliance, 2nd Edition just published!

The LexisNexis® Guide to FATCA Compliance (2nd Edition) comprises 34 Chapters grouped in three parts: compliance program (Chapters 1–4), analysis of FATCA regulations (Chapters 5–16) and analysis of Intergovernmental Agreements (IGAs) and local law compliance requirements (Chapters 17–34), including  information exchange protocols and systems.  The 34 chapters include many practical examples to assist a compliance officer contextualize the regulations, IGA provisions, and national rules enacted pursuant to an IGA.  Chapters include by example an in-depth analysis of the categorization of trusts pursuant to the Regulations and IGAs, operational specificity of the mechanisms of information capture, management and exchange by firms and between countries, and insights as to the application of FATCA and the IGAs for BRIC and European country chapters.

If you are interested in discussing the Master or Doctorate degree in the areas of financial services or international taxation, please contact me https://profwilliambyrnes.com/online-tax-degree/

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IRS Releases Final FATCA Form W-8BEN-E & Instructions – Analysis

Posted by William Byrnes on April 2, 2014


free FATCA chapter download here —> http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2457671   Number of Pages in PDF File: 58

The Form W-8BEN has been split into two forms.  The new 2014 Form W-8BEN (revision date 2014) is for use solely by foreign individuals, whereas the new Form W-8BEN-E is for use by entities for 2014 (revision date 2014) to provide US withholding agents.  The newest version of Form W-8BEN-E must be used by all entities that are beneficial owners of a payment, or of another entity that is the beneficial owner.

The IRS released the new 2014 Form W-8BEN-E (2-2014) that coincides with FATCA and QI entity classification reporting requirements, and on April 30, 2014 the IRS followed up with the new Form W-8IMY (read my analysis at “Form W-8IMY”), formally replacing its 2006 predecessor W-8IMY.

Form W-8IMY is submitted generally by a payment recipient (the “filer”) with non-beneficial owner status, i.e. an intermediary.  Such intermediary can be a U.S. branch, a qualified intermediary, a non-qualified intermediary, foreign partnership, foreign grantor or a foreign simple trust.  Form W-8IMY requires a tax identification number.  The new Form W-8IMY has 28 parts whereas the previous August 2013 FATCA draft W-8IMY only contained 26.  The new 2014 Form W-8IMY is vastly different from the seven-part 2006 predecessor form.

Below is an analysis of how to fill out the 2014 W-8BENW-8BEN-E  and of W-8IMY.  The Form W8BEN instructions >link is here< and the Form W-8BEN-E Instructions link is here. My 600 page  Lexis FATCA compliance manual link is here.  Free download link is here.

Analysis of the W-8BEN

Foreign individuals (non-resident aliens – NRAs) must use Form W-8BEN to document their foreign status and claim any applicable treaty benefits for chapter 3 purposes, including a foreign individual that is the single member of an entity that is disregarded for U.S. tax purposes.

The NRA must give the Form W-8BEN to the withholding agent or payer if he/she is the beneficial owner of an amount subject to withholding, or if he/she an account holder of an FFI then to the FFI to document his/her status as a nonresident alien.  Note that a sole member of a “disregarded” entity is considered the beneficial owner of income received by the disregarded entity, and thus the sole member must provide a W-8BEN.

If the income or account is jointly owned by more than one persons, the income or account will be treated by the withholding agent as owned by a foreign person that is a beneficial owner of a payment only if Forms W-8BEN or W-8BEN-E are provided by EVERY owner of the account.  If the withholding agent or financial institution receives a Form W-9 from any of the joint owners, then the payment must be treated as made to a U.S. person and the account treated as a U.S. account.

If any information on the Form W-8BEN becomes incorrect because of a change in circumstances, then the NRA must provide within 30 days of the change of circumstances the withholding agent, payer, or FFI with a new W-8BEN.   By example, if an NRA has a change of address to an address in the United States, then this change is a change in circumstances that requires contacting the withholding agent or FFI within 30 days.  Generally, a change of address within the same foreign country or to another foreign country is not a change in circumstances.   However, if Form W-8BEN is used to claim treaty benefits of a country based on a residence in that country and the NRA changes address to outside that country, then it is a change in circumstances requiring notification within 30 days to the withholding agent or FFI.

A NRA (nonresident alien individual) is any individual who is not a citizen or resident alien of the United States.  An foreign person (‘alien”) meeting either the “green card test” or the “substantial presence test” for the calendar year is a resident alien. Any person not meeting either of these two tests is a nonresident alien individual.   Additionally, an alien individual who is a bona fide resident of Puerto Rico, Guam, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, the U.S. Virgin Islands, or American Samoa is a nonresident alien individual.

Taxpayer Identification Numbers

Line 5 requires a taxpayer identification number, which is the US social security number (SSN), or if not eligible to receive a SSN, then an individual taxpayer identification number (ITIN).  The SSN may be applied for www.socialsecurity.gov/online/ss-5.html.  An ITIN may be applied for by filing Form W-7 with the  IRS.  To claim  certain treaty benefits, either line 5 must be completed with an SSN or ITIN, or line 6 must include a foreign  tax identification number (foreign TIN).

US Exchange of Tax Information with Foreign Countries

Line 6 of Form W-8BEN requires a foreign tax identifying number ( foreign TIN) issued by a foreign jurisdiction of residence when an NRA documents him or herself with respect to a financial account held at a U.S. office of a financial institution.  However, if the foreign jurisdiction does not issue TINs or has not provided the NRA a TIN yet, then the NRA must enter a date of birth in line 8.

Analysis of the W-8BEN-E 

The W-8BEN-E form has thirty parts, that can be catalogued into four sections.  The filer’s primary focus will be on Part I.  By the way, the draft W-8BEN-E form only had twenty-seven, and the former W8BEN in use since 2006 has just four parts.

Identifying Information and Choice of Classification Part: All filers of the new W-8BEN-E must complete Parts I (Identifying Information and FATCA Classification).  Part I of the W-8BEN-E requires general information, the QI status, and the FATCA classification of the filer.  Question 4 of Part I requests the QI status. If the filer is a disregarded entity, partnership, simple trust, or grantor trust, and also is claiming benefits under a U.S. tax treaty, then the filer must complete Part III.  Part I, Question 5 requests the FATCA classification of the filer, of which the form list thirty-one choices (see analysis below).  The classification indicated determines which one of the Parts IV through XXVIII must be completed.

General Certification Part: All filers must complete Part XXIX (General Certification).  Part XXIX requires certification, under penalty of perjury, by the payee or a person authorized to sign on the payee’s behalf.  This part of the final form also contains the following language that does not appear in the current form: “I agree that I will submit a new form within 30 days if any certification made on this form becomes incorrect.”

FATCA Classification Certification Parts: Completion of the other parts of the form W-8BEN-E will depend upon the Part I, Question 5 FATCA classification of the filer (see list below). The classifications on the newest version Form W-8BEN-E maintain the classification of a Restricted Distributor (previously Part X of the draft form, but in the final form Part XI) (see the Rev. 2013 version of the W-8BEN-E).

Substantial US Owner Part: Note that if the filer is a passive NFFE, it must complete Part XXVI as well as Part XXX if it has substantial U.S. owners.  For a Passive NFFE, a specified U.S. person is a substantial U.S. owner if the person has more than a 10 percent beneficial interest in the entity.

Who Must Provide W-8BEN-E?

A foreign entity must submit a Form W-8BEN-E to the withholding agent if it will receive a FATCA withholdable payment, receive a payment subject to chapter 3 withholding, or if it maintains an account with an FFI.

All Beneficial Owners

Form W-8 BEN-E must be provided by ALL the entities that are beneficial owners of a payment, or of another entity that is the beneficial owner.  If the income or account is jointly owned by more than one person, then the income or account will be treated by the withholding agent as owned by a foreign beneficial owner only if Forms W-8BEN or W-8BEN-E are provided by EVERY owner of the account.

Treatment as US Account

If the withholding agent or financial institution receives a Form W-9 from any of the joint owners, then the payment must be treated as made to a U.S. person and the account treated as a U.S. account.  An account will be treated as a U.S. account for FATCA by an FFI if any of the account holders is a specified U.S. person or a U.S.-owned foreign entity (unless the account is otherwise excepted from U.S. account status for FATCA purposes).

Hybrids

Hybrid Entity: A hybrid entity should give Form W-8BEN-E on its own behalf to a withholding agent only for income for which it is claiming a reduced rate of withholding under an income tax treaty or to document its chapter 4 status for purposes of maintaining an account with an FFI requesting this form (when it is not receiving withholdable payments or payments subject to chapter 3 withholding).

Reverse Hybrid: A reverse hybrid entity should give Form W-8BEN-E on its own behalf to a withholding agent only for income for which no treaty benefit is being claimed or to establish its status for chapter 4 purposes (when required).

Who Should Not Use Form W-8BEN-E?

US Person: If the filer is a US person (including US citizens, resident aliens, and entities treated as US persons, such as a corporation organized under the law of a state), then submit Form W-9, Request for Taxpayer Identification Number and Certification.

Foreign Insurance Company: A foreign insurance company that has made an election under section 953(d) to be treated as a U.S. person should submit Form W-9 to certify its “U.S. status” even if it is an FFI for FATCA purposes.  Certain foreign insurance companies issuing annuities or cash value insurance contracts that elect to be treated as a U.S. person for federal tax purposes but are not licensed to do business in the United States are treated as FFIs for purposes of chapter 4. For purposes of providing a withholding agent with documentation for both chapter 3 and chapter 4 purposes, however, such an insurance company is permitted to use Form W-9 to certify its status as a U.S. person.

NRA: A nonresident alien individual must submit Form W-8BEN, Certificate of Foreign Status of Beneficial Owner for United States Tax Withholding and Reporting (Individuals).

Disregarded: A U.S. person that is a single owner of a disregarded entity, and that is not also a hybrid entity claiming treaty benefits, should provide Form W-9.  A foreign branch of a U.S. financial institution (other than a branch that operates as a qualified intermediary) that is treated as an FFI under an applicable IGA is permitted to use Form W-9 to certify its status as a U.S. person for chapter 3 and chapter 4 purposes.

But if the single owner is not a U.S. person,is not a branch of an FFI claiming FATCA status, and is not a hybrid entity claiming treaty benefits, it should provide either Form W-8BEN or Form W-8BEN-E as appropriate.

Intermediary: Form W-8IMY is submitted generally by a payment recipient with non-beneficial owner status, i.e. an intermediary.  Such intermediary can be a U.S. branch, a qualified intermediary, a non-qualified intermediary, foreign partnership, foreign grantor or a foreign simple trust.  Read my analysis of W-8IMY and its instructions in my June 24th article.  An entity treated as a flow-through entity should generally provide Form W-8IMY for chapter 3 or chapter 4 purposes.

Expiration of Form W-8BEN-E.

Generally, a Form W-8BEN-E will remain valid for purposes of both chapters 3 and 4 for a period starting on the date the form is signed and ending on the last day of the third succeeding calendar year, unless a change in circumstances makes any information on the form incorrect.  For example, a Form W-8BEN signed on September 30, 2014 remains valid through December 31, 2017.  However, under certain conditions a Form W-8BEN-E will remain in effect indefinitely until a change of circumstances occurs.

Change in circumstances.

If a change in circumstances makes any information on the Form W-8BEN-E incorrect for purposes of either chapter 3 or chapter 4, then the submitting person must notify the withholding agent or financial institution maintaining the account within 30 days of the change in circumstances and you must file a new Form W-8BEN-E (or other appropriate form as applicable).

Certification

Part XXIX requires certification, under penalty of perjury, by the payee or a person authorized to sign on the payee’s behalf.  This part of the final form also contains the following language that does not appear in the current form: “I agree that I will submit a new form within 30 days if any certification made on this form becomes incorrect.”

Analysis of Part I – Identification of Beneficial Owner

Part I of the W-8BEN-E requires general information, the QI status, and the FATCA classification of the filer.

Question 1A disregarded entity or branch enters the legal name of the entity that owns the disregarded entity (looking through multiple disregarded entities if applicable) or maintains the branch.

Question 2A corporation must enter its country of incorporation.  Any other type of entity must instead enter the country under whose laws it is created, organized, or governed.

Question 3A disregarded entity receiving a payment should only enter its name on line 3 if it is receiving a withholdable payment or hold an account with an FFI and

  1. has registered with the IRS and been assigned a GIIN associated with the legal name of the disregarded entity;
  2. is a reporting Model 1 FFI or reporting Model 2 FFI; and
  3. is not a hybrid entity using this form to claim treaty benefits.

If not required to provide the legal name, then a disregarded entity receiving a payment or maintaining an account may instead enter its name on line 10.

Question 4 requests the QI status. If the filer is a disregarded entity, partnership, simple trust, or grantor trust, then the filer must complete Part III if the entity is claiming benefits under a U.S. tax treaty.  See new 2014 QI agreement here.

Question 5 requests the FATCA classification of the entity.  W-8BEN-E currently lists 31 FATCA classifications of which the entity must check only one box unless otherwise indicated. Completion of the W-8BEN-E other parts depend upon the selection of the FATCA classification.

  1. Nonparticipating FFI (including a limited FFI or an FFI related to a Reporting IGA FFI other than a registered deemed-compliant FFI or participating FFI).
  2. Participating FFI.
  3. Reporting Model 1 FFI.
  4. Reporting Model 2 FFI.
  5. Registered deemed-compliant FFI (other than a reporting Model 1 FFI or sponsored FFI that has not obtained a GIIN).
  6. Sponsored FFI that has not obtained a GIIN. Complete Part IV.
  7. Certified deemed-compliant nonregistering local bank. Complete Part V.
  8. Certified deemed-compliant FFI with only low-value accounts. Complete Part VI.
  9. Certified deemed-compliant sponsored, closely held investment vehicle. Complete Part VII.
  10. Certified deemed-compliant limited life debt investment entity. Complete Part VIII.
  11. Certified deemed-compliant investment advisors and investment managers. Complete Part IX.
  12. Owner-documented FFI. Complete Part X.
  13. Restricted distributor. Complete Part XI.
  14. Nonreporting IGA FFI (including an FFI treated as a registered deemed-compliant FFI under an applicable Model 2 IGA). Complete Part XII.
  15. Foreign government, government of a U.S. possession, or foreign central bank of issue. Complete Part XIII.
  16. International organization. Complete Part XIV.
  17. Exempt retirement plans. Complete Part XV.
  18. Entity wholly owned by exempt beneficial owners. Complete Part XVI.
  19. Territory financial institution. Complete Part XVII.
  20. Nonfinancial group entity. Complete Part XVIII.
  21. Excepted nonfinancial start-up company. Complete Part XIX.
  22. Excepted nonfinancial entity in liquidation or bankruptcy. Complete Part XX.
  23. 501(c) organization. Complete Part XXI.
  24. Nonprofit organization. Complete Part XXII.
  25. Publicly traded NFFE or NFFE affiliate of a publicly traded corporation. Complete Part XXIII.
  26. Excepted territory NFFE. Complete Part XXIV.
  27. Active NFFE. Complete Part XXV.
  28. Passive NFFE. Complete Part XXVI as well as Part XXX if substantial U.S. owners*.
  29. Excepted inter-affiliate FFI. Complete Part XXVII.
  30. Direct reporting NFFE.
  31. Sponsored direct reporting NFFE. Complete Part XXVIII

*For a Passive NFFE, a specified U.S. person is a substantial U.S. owner if the person has more than a 10 percent beneficial interest in the entity.

FFIs Covered by an IGA and Related Entities

A reporting IGA FFI resident in, or established under the laws of, a jurisdiction covered by a Model 1 IGA should check “Reporting Model 1 FFI.” A reporting FFI resident in, or established under the laws of, a jurisdiction covered by a Model 2 IGA should check “Reporting Model 2 FFI.”

If the FFI is treated as a registered deemed-compliant FFI under an applicable IGA, it should check “Nonreporting IGA FFI” rather than “registered deemed-compliant FFI” and provide its GIIN in Part XII, line 26.

An FFI that is related to a reporting IGA FFI and that is treated as a nonparticipating FFI in its country of residence should check nonparticipating FFI in line 5. An FFI that is related to a reporting IGA FFI and that is a participating FFI, deemed-compliant FFI, or exempt beneficial owner under the U.S. Treasury regulations or an applicable IGA should check the appropriate box for its chapter 4 status.

Requirement to Provide a GIIN

If the entity is in the process of registering with the IRS as a participating FFI, registered deemed-compliant FFI, reporting Model 1 FFI, reporting Model 2 FFI, direct reporting NFFE, or sponsored direct reporting NFFE, but has not received a GIIN, it may complete this line by writing “applied for.” However, the person requesting this form must receive and verify the GIIN within 90 days.

For payments made prior to January 1, 2015, a Form W-8BEN-E provided by a reporting Model 1 FFI need not contain a GIIN. For payments made prior to January 1, 2016, a sponsored direct reporting NFFE or sponsored FFI that has not obtained a GIIN must provide the GIIN of its sponsoring entity.

Part X – Owner-Documented FFI

Line 24a. An owner-documented FFI must check the box to certify that it meets all of the requirements for this status and is providing this form to a U.S. financial institution, participating FFI, reporting Model 1 FFI, or reporting Model 2 FFI that agrees to act as a designated withholding agent with respect to the FFI identified on line 1. Then select either 24b or 24c.

Line 24b. Check this box to certify that the documentation set forth in the certifications has been provided (or will be provided), including the owner reporting statement described in this line 24b, or

Line 24c. Check this box to certify that the auditor’s letter has been provided (or will be provided).

Part XXI – 501(c) Organization

Only foreign entities that are tax-exempt under section 501 should check the 501(c) organization “Tax-exempt organization” box. Such organizations should use Form W-8BEN-E only if they are claiming a reduced rate of withholding under an income tax treaty or a code exception other than section 501. If claiming an exemption from withholding under code section 501, then it must submit Form W-8EXP to document the exemption and chapter 4 status.

Part XXII – Non-Profit Organizations Covered by an IGA

A non-profit entity that is established and maintained in a jurisdiction that is treated as having in effect a Model 1 IGA or Model 2 IGA, and that meets the definition of Active NFFE under Annex I of the applicable IGA, should not check a box for its status on line 5.

Entities Providing Certifications Under an Applicable IGA

In lieu of the certifications contained in Parts IV through XXVIII of Form W-8BEN-E, a reporting Model 1 FFI or reporting Model 2 FFI in certain cases may request alternate certifications to document its account holders pursuant to an applicable IGA or it may otherwise provide an alternate certification to a withholding agent.

A withholding agent that is an FFI may provide a chapter 4 status certification other than as shown in Parts IX through XXVIII in order to satisfy its due diligence requirements under an applicable IGA. In such a case, attach that alternative certification to this Form W-8BEN-E in lieu of completing a certification otherwise required in Parts IV through XXVIII provided that

1) the certification accurately reflects the chapter 4 status or under an applicable IGA; and

2) the withholding agent provides a written statement that it has provided the certification to meet its due diligence requirements as a participating FFI or registered deemed-compliant FFI under an applicable IGA.

An applicable IGA certification may be provided with the W-8BEN-E if determining chapter 4 status under the definitions provided in an applicable IGA and that certification identifies the jurisdiction that is treated as having an IGA in effect and describes the status as an NFFE or FFI in accordance with the applicable IGA.

However, if under an applicable IGA the entity’s status is determined to be an NFFE, it must still determine if it is an excepted NFFE under the FATCA Regulations. Additionally, the entity must comply with the conditions of its status under the law of the IGA jurisdiction.

W-8BEN-E’s 30 Parts

Part I Identification of Beneficial Owner
Part II Disregarded Entity or Branch Receiving Payment.
Part III Claim of Tax Treaty Benefits (if applicable). (For chapter 3 purposes only)
Part IV Sponsored FFI That Has Not Obtained a GIIN
Part V Certified Deemed-Compliant Nonregistering Local Bank
Part VI Certified Deemed-Compliant FFI with Only Low-Value Accounts
Part VII Certified Deemed-Compliant Sponsored, Closely Held Investment Vehicle
Part VIII Certified Deemed-Compliant Limited Life Debt Investment Entity
Part IX Certified Deemed-Compliant Investment Advisors and Investment Managers
Part X Owner-Documented FFI
Part XI Restricted Distributor
Part XII Nonreporting IGA FFI
Part XIII Foreign Government, Government of a U.S. Possession, or Foreign Central Bank of Issue
Part XIV International Organization
Part XV Exempt Retirement Plans
Part XVI Entity Wholly Owned by Exempt Beneficial Owners
Part XVII Territory Financial Institution
Part XVIII Excepted Nonfinancial Group Entity
Part XIX Excepted Nonfinancial Start-Up Company
Part XX Excepted Nonfinancial Entity in Liquidation or Bankruptcy
Part XXI 501(c) Organization
Part XXII Non-Profit Organization
Part XXIII Publicly Traded NFFE or NFFE Affiliate of a Publicly Traded Corporation
Part XXIV Excepted Territory NFFE
Part XXV Active NFFE
Part XXVI Passive NFFE
Part XXVII Excepted Inter-Affiliate FFI
Part XXVIII Sponsored Direct Reporting NFFE
Part XXIX Certification
Part XXX Substantial U.S. Owners of Passive NFFE

Analysis of the Form W-8IMY

Part I of the W8-IMY Form adds FATCA classification.   Part I of the form requires general information, the Chapter 3 QI status, and the Chapter 4 FATCA classification of the filer.

Question 4 of Part I requests the QI status:

  • If the filer is a Qualified Intermediary, then the filer must complete Part III Qualified Intermediary.  If the filer is a Nonqualified Intermediary, then the filer must complete Part IV Nonqualified Intermediary.
  • Territory Financial Institutions complete Part V. U.S. Branches complete Part VI.
  • Withholding Foreign Partnership or Withholding Foreign Trusts complete Part VII.
  • Nonwithholding Foreign Partnership, Nonwithholding Foreign Simple Trust, and Nonwithholding foreign grantor trusts must complete Part VIII.

Question 5 requests the FATCA classification of the filer. The classification indicated determines which one of the Parts IX through XXVII must be completed.

Part II of this form is to be completed if the entity is a disregarded entity or a branch receiving payment as an intermediary. Part II only applies to branches of an FFI outside the FFI’s country of residence.

Statement of General Certification

Part XXVIII requires certification, under penalty of perjury, by the payee or a person authorized to sign on the payee’s behalf. Finally, the form contains the following language: “I agree that I will submit a new form within 30 days if any certification made on this form becomes incorrect.”

Who Must File W-8IMY?

An entity should provide Form W-8IMY when receiving a reportable amount or withholdable payment on behalf of another person or as a flow-through entity.

  •  A foreign person, or a foreign branch of a U.S. personto establish that it is a qualified intermediary that is not acting for its own account, to represent that it has provided or will provide a withholding statement, as required, or, if applicable, to represent that it has assumed primary withholding responsibility under chapters 3 and 4 of the Code and/or primary Form 1099 reporting and backup withholding responsibility.
  •  A foreign person to establish that it is a nonqualified intermediary that is not acting for its own account, to certify its chapter 4 status (if required), to certify whether it reports U.S. accounts under chapter 4 (if required), and to indicate, if applicable, that it is using the form to transmit withholding certificates and/or other documentary evidence and has provided, or will provide, a withholding statement, as required.  A U.S. person cannot be a nonqualified intermediary.
  •  A U.S. branch that is acting as an intermediary to represent that the income it receives is not effectively connected with the conduct of a trade or business within the United Statesand either that it is using the form (a) to evidence it is treated as a U.S. person under Regulations section 1.1441-1(b)(2)(iv)(A) with respect to any payments associated with the Form W-8IMY, or (b) to certify to its chapter 4 status and to transmit the documentation of the persons for whom it receives a payment and has provided, or will provide, a withholding statement, as required.
  •  A financial institution incorporated or organized under the laws of a U.S. territory that is acting as an intermediary or is a flow-through entity to represent that it is a financial institution (other than an investment entity that is not also a depository institution, custodial institution, or specified insurance company) and either that it is using the form (a) to evidence it is treated as a U.S. person under Regulations section 1.1441-1(b)(2)(iv)(A) with respect to any payments associated with the Form W-8IMY, or (b) to certify that it is transmitting documentation of the persons for whom it receives a payment and has provided, withholding statement, as required.
  •  A foreign partnership or a foreign simple or grantor trust to establish that it is a withholding foreign partnership or withholding foreign trust under the regulations for sections 1441 and 1442 and to certify its chapter 4 status (if required).
  •  A foreign partnership or a foreign simple or grantor trust to establish that it is a nonwithholding foreign partnership or nonwithholding foreign simple or grantor trust for purposes of sections 1441 and 1442, to certify to its chapter 4 status (if required), and to represent that the income is not effectively connected with a U.S. trade or business, that the form is being used to transmit withholding certificates and/or documentary evidence, and that it has provided or will provide a withholding statement as required.
  •  A foreign partnership or foreign grantor trust to establish that it is an upper-tier foreign partnership or foreign grantor trust for purposes of section 1446 and to represent that the form is being used to transmit withholding certificates and/or documentary evidence and that it has provided, or will provide, a withholding statement, as required.
  •  A flow-through entity (including a foreign reverse hybrid entity) transmitting withholding certificates and/or other documentary evidence to claim treaty benefits on behalf of its owners, to certify its chapter 4 status (if required), and to certify that it has provided, or will provide, a withholding statement, as required.
  •  A nonparticipating FFI acting as an intermediary or that is a flow-through entity using this form to transmit a withholding statement and withholding certificates or other documentation for exempt beneficial owners described in Regulations section 1.1471-6.
  •  A QSL certifying to a withholding agent that it is acting as a QSL with respect to U.S. source substitute dividends received from the withholding agent pursuant to a securities lending transaction (as described in Notice 2010-46).
  •  A foreign intermediary or flow-through entity not receiving withholdable payments or reportable amounts that is holding an account with a participating FFI or registered deemed-compliant FFI providing this form for purposes of documenting the chapter 4 status of the account holder.  However, no withholding statement is required to be provided along with Form W-8IMY if it is being provided by an FFI solely to document such an account when no withholdable payments or reportable amounts are made to the account. Also note that the entity may instead provide Form W-8BEN-E when it is not receiving withholdable payments or reportable amounts to document its status as an account holder.

Partnership allocations

Form W-8IMY may be submitted and accepted to satisfy documentation requirements for purposes of withholding on certain partnership allocations to foreign partners under section 1446. Section 1446 generally requires withholding when a partnership is conducting a trade or business in the United States and allocates income effectively connected with that trade or business (ECI) to foreign persons that are partners in the partnership. Section 1446 can also apply when certain income is treated as effectively connected income of the partnership and is so allocated.

Chapter 3 and Chapter 4 status Certification by Filer required with Applicable Documentation 

In general, intermediaries and flow-through entities receiving reportable amounts will be required to provide both their chapter 3 status and the chapter 3 status of persons for whom they receive such payments.

An intermediary or flow-through entity receiving a withholdable payment will also be required to provide its chapter 4 status and the chapter 4 status of persons for whom it receives a withholdable payment when required for chapter 4 purposes.

Parts III – VIII: Chapter 3 Status Certifications

Parts III – VIII of this form address the QI Status of the entity. Part III is to be completed if the entity is a QI, and requires the entity to certify that it is a QI and has provided appropriate documentation. Part IV is to be completed if the entity is a Nonqualified Intermediary (NQI), and requires the entity to certify that it is a NQI not acting for its own account.

Part V is to be completed if the entity is a Territory Financial Institution. Part VI is to be completed by a U.S. branch only if the branch certifies on the form that it is the U.S. branch of a U.S. bank or insurance company, and that the payments made are not effectively connected to a U.S. trade or business. Part VII is to be completed if the entity is a Foreign Withholding Partnership (WP) or a Withholding Foreign Trust (WT). Part VIII is to be completed if the entity is either a Nonwithholding Foreign Partnership, Simple Trust, or Grantor Trust.

Parts III – VIII of this form address the QI Status of the entity.

  • Part III Qualified Intermediary
  • Part IV Nonqualified Intermediary
  • Part V Territory Financial Institution
  • Part VI Certain U.S. Branches
  • Part VII Withholding Foreign Partnership (WP) or Withholding Foreign Trust (WT)
  • Part VIII Nonwithholding Foreign Partnership, Simple Trust, or Grantor Trust

Part III is to be completed if the entity is a QI, and requires the entity to certify that it is a QI and has provided appropriate documentation.  Part IV is to be completed if the entity is a Nonqualified Intermediary (NQI), and requires the entity to certify that it is a NQI not acting for its own account.  Part V is to be completed if the entity is a Territory Financial Institution.  Part VI is to be completed by a U.S. branch only if the branch certifies on the form that it is the U.S. branch of a U.S. bank or insurance company, and that the payments made are not effectively connected to a U.S. trade or business.  Part VII is to be completed if the entity is a Foreign Withholding Partnership (WP) or a Withholding Foreign Trust (WT).  Part VIII is to be completed if the entity is either a Nonwithholding Foreign Partnership, Simple Trust, or Grantor Trust.

Parts IX – XXVI: Chapter 4 Status Certifications

Parts IX – XXVI of this form address the filer certifying the FATCA Status of the entity. These classifications include the new classification of a Restricted Distributor (Part XVI), but do not include the new classification of a Reporting NFFE.  Each of these parts begins with a check the box selection of “I certify that …”, followed by the definition components of each classification.  These classifications include the new classification of a Restricted Distributor (Part XVI), but do not include the new classification of a Reporting NFFE.

  • Part IX Nonparticipating FFI with Exempt Beneficial Owners
  • Part X Sponsored FFI That Has Not Obtained a GIIN
  • Part XI Owner-Documented FFI
  • Part XII Certified Deemed-Compliant Nonregistering Local Bank
  • Part XIII Certified Deemed-Compliant FFI with Only Low-Value Accounts
  • Part XIV Certified Deemed-Compliant Sponsored, Closely Held Investment Vehicle
  • Part XV Certified Deemed-Compliant Limited Life Debt Investment Entity
  • Part XVI Restricted Distributor
  • Part XVII Foreign Central Bank of Issue
  • Part XVIII Nonreporting IGA FFI
  • Part XIX Exempt Retirement Plans
  • Part XX Excepted Nonfinancial Group Entity
  • Part XXI Excepted Nonfinancial Start-Up Company
  • Part XXII Excepted Nonfinancial Entity in Liquidation or Bankruptcy
  • Part XXIII Publicly Traded NFFE or NFFE Affiliate of a Publicly Traded Corporation
  • Part XXIV Excepted Territory NFFE
  • Part XXV Active NFFE
  • Part XXVI Passive NFFE
  • Part XXVII Sponsored Direct Reporting NFFE

Part IX is not required to be completed unless the filer is a nonparticipating FFI providing documentation on behalf of an exempt beneficial owner (by example, a local qualifying retirement fund).

Part XI – An owner-documented FFI should only complete Form W-8IMY if it is a flow-through entity receiving income allocable to its partners, owners, or beneficiaries. An owner-documented FFI is not permitted to act as an intermediary with respect to a withholdable payment.

Part XVIII – A nonreporting FFI pursuant to an IGA must indicate that it is to be treated as such under an applicable IGA, including an entity treated as a registered deemed-compliant FFI under an applicable IGA.  The nonreporting IGA FFI must identify the applicable IGA by entering the name of the jurisdiction that has the applicable IGA in effect with the United States. It must also provide the withholding agent with the class of entity described in Annex II of the IGA applicable to its nonreporting FFI IGA status.  If the nonreporting FFI IGA is claimed pursuant to a Model 2 IGA, then the FFI treated as a registered deemed-compliant FFI under that applicable Model 2 IGA must provide a GIIN in the space provided.

If the filer is a sponsored FFI in a Model 1 IGA jurisdiction or other nonreporting FFI in a Model 1 IGA jurisdiction that is required to report an account, it is not currently required to provide a GIIN in this Part. However, a future version of this form may require it to provide a GIIN.

Entities Providing Certifications Under an Applicable IGA

A withholding agent that is an FFI may provide a chapter 4 status certification other than as shown in Parts IX through XXVII in order to satisfy its due diligence requirements under an applicable IGA. In such a case, attach the alternative certifications to this Form W-8IMY in lieu of completing a certification otherwise required in Parts IX through XXVII provided that the withholding agent:

  1. determine that the certification accurately reflects the status for chapter 4 purposes or under an applicable IGA; and
  2. the withholding agent provides a written statement that it has provided the certification to meet its due diligence requirements as a participating FFI or registered deemed-compliant FFI under an applicable IGA.

The filer may also provide with this form an applicable IGA certification if it determines its chapter 4 status under the definitions provided in an applicable IGA and that certification identifies the jurisdiction that is treated as having an IGA in effect and describes the filer status as an NFFE or FFI in accordance with the applicable IGA.  However, if the filer determines its status under an applicable IGA as an NFFE, it must still determine if it is an excepted NFFE under the regulations in order to complete this form.  Additionally, it is required to comply with the conditions of its chapter 4 status under the law of the IGA jurisdiction if it determines its status under an applicable IGA.

Entities Providing Alternate Certifications Under Regulations

If the filer qualifies for a chapter 4 status that is not shown in Part I, line 5, of this form, it may attach applicable certifications for such status from any other Form W-8 on which the relevant certifications appear.

For example, if the filer is a certified deemed-compliant investment advisor or investment manager described in Regulations section 1.1471-5(f)(2)(v)
that is a flow-through entity, it may instead attach the certifications found in Part IX of Form W-8BEN-E.

If the applicable certifications do not appear on any Form W-8 (if, for example, new regulations provide for an additional chapter 4 status and this form has not been updated) then the filer may provide an attachment certifying that it qualifies for the applicable status described in a particular Regulations section in lieu of checking a box in Part I, line 5. The filer must also include a citation to the applicable provision in the Regulations.

Final Statement of Certification

Part XXVIII requires certification, under penalty of perjury, by the payee or a person authorized to sign on the payee’s behalf. Finally, the form contains the following language: “I agree that I will submit a new form within 30 days if any certification made on this form becomes incorrect.”

Expiration of Form W-8IMY 

Generally, a Form W-8IMY remains valid until the status of the person whose name is on the certificate is changed in a way relevant to the certificate or there is a change in circumstances that makes the information on the certificate no longer correct. The indefinite validity period does not extend, however, to any other withholding certificates, documentary evidence, or withholding statements associated with the certificate.

Change in circumstances. 

If a change in circumstances makes any information on the Form W-8IMY (or any documentation or a withholding statement associated with the Form W-8IMY) have submitted incorrect for purposes of chapter 3 or chapter 4 (when relevant), the intermediary must notify the withholding agent within 30 days and file a new Form W-8IMY or provide new documentation or a new withholding statement (as applicable).

The information associated with Form W-8IMY must be updated as often as is necessary to enable the withholding agent to withhold at the appropriate rate on each payment and to report such income.

(See Regulations sections 1.1441-1(e)(4)(ii)(D) for the definition of a change in circumstances for purposes of chapter 3. See Regulations section 1.1471-3(c)(6)(ii)(E) for the definition of a change in circumstances for purposes of chapter 4.)

Structure of New Form Form W-8IMY

  • Part I Identification of Entity
  • Part II Disregarded Entity or Branch Receiving Payment.

Chapter 3 Status Certifications

  • Part III Qualified Intermediary
  • Part IV Nonqualified Intermediary
  • Part V Territory Financial Institution
  • Part VI Certain U.S. Branches
  • Part VII Withholding Foreign Partnership (WP) or Withholding Foreign Trust (WT)
  • Part VIII Nonwithholding Foreign Partnership, Simple Trust, or Grantor Trust

Chapter 4 Status Certifications

  • Part IX Nonparticipating FFI with Exempt Beneficial Owners
  • Part X Sponsored FFI That Has Not Obtained a GIIN
  • Part XI Owner-Documented FFI
  • Part XII Certified Deemed-Compliant Nonregistering Local Bank
  • Part XIII Certified Deemed-Compliant FFI with Only Low-Value Accounts
  • Part XIV Certified Deemed-Compliant Sponsored, Closely Held Investment Vehicle
  • Part XV Certified Deemed-Compliant Limited Life Debt Investment Entity
  • Part XVI Restricted Distributor
  • Part XVII Foreign Central Bank of Issue
  • Part XVIII Nonreporting IGA FFI
  • Part XIX Exempt Retirement Plans
  • Part XX Excepted Nonfinancial Group Entity
  • Part XXI Excepted Nonfinancial Start-Up Company
  • Part XXII Excepted Nonfinancial Entity in Liquidation or Bankruptcy
  • Part XXIII Publicly Traded NFFE or NFFE Affiliate of a Publicly Traded Corporation
  • Part XXIV Excepted Territory NFFE
  • Part XXV Active NFFE
  • Part XXVI Passive NFFE
  • Part XXVII Sponsored Direct Reporting NFFE

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1,200 pages of analysis of the compliance challenges, over 54 chapters by 70 FATCA contributing experts from over 30 countries.  Besides in-depth, practical analysis, the 2015 edition includes examples, charts, time lines, links to source documents, and compliance analysis pursuant to the IGA and local regulations for many U.S. trading partners and financial centers.   The Lexis Guide to FATCA Compliance, designed from interviews with over 100 financial institutions and professional firms, is a primary reference source for financial institutions and service providers, advisors and government departments.  No filler of forms and regs – it’s all beef !  See Lexis’ order site and request a copy of the forthcoming 2015 edition – http://www.lexisnexis.com/store/catalog/booktemplate/productdetail.jsp?pageName=relatedProducts&prodId=prod19190327

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  • Chapter 1 Background and Current Status of FATCA
  • Chapter 1A The International Financial System and FATCA
  • Chapter 2 Practical Considerations for Developing a FATCA Compliance Program
  • Chapter 2A FATCA Internal Policy
  • Chapter 3 FATCA Compliance and Integration of Information Technology
  • Chapter 4 Financial Institution Account Remediation
  • Chapter 4A FATCA Customer Outreach
  • Chapter 5 FBAR and Form 8938 Reporting and List of International Taxpayer IRS Forms
  • Chapter 6 Determining U.S. Ownership of Foreign Entities
  • Chapter 7 Foreign Financial Institutions
  • Chapter 7A Account reporting under FATCA
  • Chapter 8 Non-Financial Foreign Entities
  • Chapter 9 FATCA and the Offshore Trust Industry
  • Chapter 10 FATCA and the Insurance Industry
  • Chapter 11 Withholding and Qualified Intermediary
  • Chapter 12 FATCA Withholding Compliance
  • Chapter 13 “Withholdable” Payments
  • Chapter 13A Reporting Payments
  • Chapter 14 Determining and Documenting the Payee
  • Chapter 14A W8 Equivalents
  • Chapter 15 Framework of Intergovernmental Agreements
  • Chapter 16 Analysis of Current Intergovernmental Agreements
  • Chapter 17 European Union Cross Border Information Reporting
  • Chapter 18 The OECD Role in Exchange of Information: The Trace Project, FATCA, and Beyond
  • Chapter 19 Germany
  • Chapter 20 Ireland
  • Chapter 21 Japan
  • Chapter 22 Mexico
  • Chapter 23 Switzerland
  • Chapter 24 United Kingdom
  • Chapter 25 Brazil
  • Chapter 26 British Virgin Islands
  • Chapter 27 Canada
  • Chapter 28 Spain
  • Chapter 29 China
  • Chapter 30 Netherlands
  • Chapter 31 Luxembourg
  • Chapter 32 Russia
  • Chapter 33 Turkey
  • Chapter 34 India
  • Chapter 35 Argentina
  • Chapter 36 Aruba
  • Chapter 37 Australia
  • Chapter 38 Bermuda
  • Chapter 39 Colombia
  • Chapter 40 Cyprus
  • Chapter 41 Hong Kong
  • Chapter 42 Macau
  • Chapter 43 Portugal
  • Chapter 44 South Africa
  • Chapter 45 France
  • Chapter 46 Gibraltar
  • Chapter 47 Guernsey
  • Chapter 48 Italy

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