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Posts Tagged ‘Schedule C’

2013 Home Office Deduction Easier To Calculate

Posted by William Byrnes on April 5, 2014

In Tax Tip 2014-36, the IRS alerted taxpayers about the new, simple calculation for the Home Office deduction.

If a taxpayer works from home, then it may be possible for the taxpayer to claim the home office deduction.  However, in years past this home office deduction has been rather complicated to calculate.

Starting this year (and applying to the 2013 tax return die in just 10 days), the IRS has provided a simpler option to calculate the deduction for business use of your home. The new option will save taxpayers time because it simplifies how to calculate and claim the deduction.  It also makes it easier for a taxpayer to keep records.  However, this new option for simplified method of calculation does NOT change the rules for who may claim the home office deduction.

6 tax facts about the home office deduction

1. Generally, in order to claim a deduction for a home office, a taxpayer must use a part of your home exclusively and regularly for business purposes. Also, the part of your home used for business must be:

  • the principal place of business, or
  • a place where the taxpayer meets clients or customers in the normal course of business, or
  • a separate structure not attached to the home. Examples might include a studio, garage or barn.

What clearly does NOT qualify for a home office deduction?  By example, a taxpayer sets up a computer in her bedroom on a dresser that she uses for personal emails and for keeping her business records.  In the dresser drawers are pens, paperclips, some receipts, as well as hair clips and some pieces of jewelry.  The IRS isn’t going to allow a home office deduction based on that computer on that dresser.

2. If a taxpayer uses the actual expense method, the home office deduction includes certain costs that the taxpayer paid for your home. For example, if the taxpayer rents a home, part of the rent paid could qualify for the home office deduction.  If the taxpayer own a home, part of the mortgage interest, taxes and utilities paid could correspondingly qualify. The amount of the deduction usually depends on the percentage of the home used for business.

3. Beginning with 2013 tax returns, the taxpayer may be able to use the simplified option to claim the home office deduction instead of claiming actual expenses. Under this method, the taxpayer multiplies the allowable square footage of the office area by a prescribed rate of $5.  The maximum footage allowed by the IRS is 300 square feet. The deduction maximum limit using this method is thus $1,500 per year.

4. If the taxpayer’s gross income from the business use of your home is less than the expenses, the deduction for some expenses may be limited.

5. If the taxpayer is self-employed and chooses the actual expense method, then the taxpayer should use Form 8829, Expenses for Business Use of Your Home, to calculate the amount of the home office deduction.  The taxpayer claims the deduction on Schedule C, Profit or Loss From Business, whether using the simplified or actual expense method.

6. If the taxpayer is an employee, then additional rules apply to claim the deduction. For example, in addition to the above tests, the business use must also be for the employer’s convenience.  By example: a “work from home” arrangement.


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