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4 Tax Facts for Trading Services With Other Persons Taxable?

Posted by William Byrnes on April 9, 2014

The IRS published Tax Tip 2014-26: Four Things You Should Know About “Barter”

“Bartering” is the trading of one product or service for another. Often there is no exchange of cash. Small businesses sometimes barter to get products or services they need.  For example, a plumber might trade plumbing work with a dentist for dental services. 

If a taxpayer trade services with another person, “bartering”, then the value of the products or the services received by the taxpayer is taxable income.

Here are four facts that the IRS has alerted taxpayers to about bartering:

1. Barter exchanges.  A barter exchange is an organized marketplace where members barter products or services. Some exchanges operate out of an office and others over the Internet. All barter exchanges are required to issue Form 1099-B, Proceeds from Broker and Barter Exchange Transactions. The exchange must give a copy of the form to its members who barter and file a copy with the IRS.

2. Bartering income.  Barter and trade dollars are the same as real dollars for tax purposes and must be reported on a tax return. Both parties must report as income the fair market value of the product or service each received.

3. Tax implications.  Bartering is taxable in the year it occurs. The tax rules may vary based on the type of bartering that takes place. Barterers may owe income taxes, self-employment taxes, employment taxes or excise taxes on their bartering income.

4. Reporting rules.  How you report bartering on a tax return varies. If the taxpayer has a trade or business, then normally the taxpayer reports it on Form 1040,Schedule C, Profit or Loss from Business.

For more information, see the Bartering Tax Center.

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