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William Byrnes (Texas A&M) tax & compliance articles

7 Tax Facts on Deducting Charitable Contributions to a Charity

Posted by William Byrnes on May 9, 2014


2014_tf_on_individuals_small_businesses-m_1In its Tax Tip 2014-39, the IRS disclosed that a taxpayer looking for a tax deduction may donate to a charity and create a ‘win-win’ situation.  The IRS stated that it is good for the charity and good for the taxpayer.  (subscribe by email on the left menu to these daily tax articles)

7 tax tips to know about deducting gifts to charity

1. A taxpayer must donate to a qualified charity if the taxpayer wants to deduct the gift.  Importantly, a taxpayer can not deduct gifts to individuals, political organizations or candidates.  Search the >online IRS database< for the charity.  If it is on the list, then it is qualified.

2. In order for a taxpayer to deduct contributions, the taxpayer must file Form 1040 and itemize deductions. File Schedule A, Itemized Deductions, with the federal tax return.

3. If a taxpayer receives a benefit in return for the contribution, the deduction will be limited.  A taxpayer can only deduct the amount of the gift that is more than the value of what the taxpayer received in return.  Examples of such benefits include merchandise, meals, tickets to an event or other goods and services in exchange for a donation.

4. If a taxpayer donates property instead of cash, the deduction is usually that item’s fair market value. Fair market value is generally the price the taxpayer would receive if the taxpayer sold the property on the open market.  A taxpayer must file Form 8283, Noncash Charitable Contributions, if the deduction for all noncash gifts is more than $500 for the year.

5. Used clothing and household items generally must be in good condition to be deductible. Special rules apply to >vehicle donations<.

6. A taxpayer must keep records to prove the amount of the contributions made during the year. The kind of records that must be kept depends on the amount and type of the donation. For example, a taxpayer must keep a written record of any cash donation, regardless of the amount, in order to claim a deduction.  It can be a cancelled check, a letter from the organization, or a bank or payroll statement.  It should include the name of the charity, the date and the amount donated. A cell phone bill meets this requirement for text donations if it shows this same information.

7. To claim a deduction for donated cash or property of $250 or more, a taxpayer must have a written statement from the organization. It must show the amount of the donation and a description of any property given. It must also say whether the organization provided any goods or services in exchange for the gift.

For an indepth analysis of deductions for donations to U.S. charities (and the government’s policy encouraging or discouraging these donations), download my article at http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2304044

If you are interested in discussing applying for the Master or Doctoral degree in the areas of financial planning or taxation, please contact me: profbyrnes@gmail.com to Google Hangout or Skype that I may take you on an “online tour” 

 

One Response to “7 Tax Facts on Deducting Charitable Contributions to a Charity”

  1. Reblogged this on Enterprise Financial Management .

    Like

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